Traditional dress of Russia: A symbol of ethnic diversity in the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation, commonly known as Russia is the largest country of the lovely planet in terms of territorial expansion. According to the historians, Russia was firstly inhabited by the East Slavs and other nomadic pastoralists. After this, there is a long history of the arrivals of different groups, nations and invaders. Today’s Russia is home to more than 150 million people and its half of the population is considered ethnically pure Russians.

The ethnical diversity is much reflected in the colors and kinds of the traditional dress of Russia. Image by burovvv

The ethnical diversity is much reflected in the colors and kinds of the traditional dress of Russia. Image by burovvv

The ethnical diversity is much reflected in the colors and kinds of the traditional dress of Russia. Russian traditional outfits are enriched with splendid arrangements and decorative motifs. Red color is the most popular in the clothing heritage of Russia.

From Omsk - A kosovorotka is a traditional Russian shirt for a man which is actually a long sleeved garment which reaches down to the mid-thigh.  - Image by  kosovorotka  Image copyright by Majorshots

From Omsk – A kosovorotka is a traditional Russian shirt for a man which is actually a long sleeved garment which reaches down to the mid-thigh. – Image by kosovorotka Image copyright by Majorshots

kosovorotka is a traditional Russian shirt for a man which is actually a long sleeved garment which reaches down to the mid-thigh. Kosovorotka is normally having no buttons downwards but having several buttons at the collar (unfastened when the garment is pulled over the wearer’s head), though these are positioned off to one side (regional styles vary between left and right), instead of centrally, as is customary with a typical Western 20th and 21st century man’s shirt. If left unbuttoned the collar appears skewed, which accounts for the garment’s name. The collar and sleeves of kosovorotka were often decorated with a traditional Slavic ornament.

Rubashka is long attire originally made with home-spun linen. Image by burovvv 2

Rubashka is long attire originally made with home-spun linen. Image by burovvv 2

Rubashka is long attire originally made with home-spun linen which is in the use of both the Russian men and Russian women for hundreds of years. Now the same is worn in various styles and decorations. Although we don’t find a perfect example for the traditional dress for peasant in Russia, yet Rubashka somehow represents the rural population of Russia. Men also wore a rubashka either with a belt outside of their pants or tucked into their pants.

The traditional Russian kaftan is little bit different from usual Mesopotamian kaftans

The traditional Russian kaftan is little bit different from usual Mesopotamian kaftans

The traditional Russian kaftan is little bit different from usual Mesopotamian kaftans and it was usually worn by the most conservative sect of religious believers. It is a long suit with tight sleeves which by the 19th century, became the most widely spread type of outer clothing among peasants and merchants.

Russian women love to wear bright colored and delicately designed traditional outfits. Image  by archer10 (Dennis)

Russian women love to wear bright colored and delicately designed traditional outfits. Image by archer10 (Dennis)

Russian women love to wear bright colored and delicately designed outfits to prepare themselves for traditional appearances in ceremonies, weddings and folk events. Many Russian women have skillful crafting art of sewing such dresses and the art is normally transferred to them via inheritance. Traditional dresses for women in Russia are not so complicated and over-whelmed in their patterns and designs as they are useful for the casual wearing also.

Girls in traditional costume in St. Petersburg, Russia - Image by radzfoto

Girls in traditional costume in St. Petersburg, Russia – Image by radzfoto

Russian women make their blouses very charming and embellished. Usually their blouses are adorned with embroidery work and beads. They normally select cotton fabric and decorate them with symmetric stylized pattern or embroidery. This is their centuries old tradition and such ancient folk motifs are still in fashion today.

A sarafan is a long, trapeze-shaped traditional Russian jumper dress for ladies . Image:  Franco Folini

A sarafan is a long, trapeze-shaped traditional Russian jumper dress for ladies . Image: Franco Folini

sarafan is a long, trapeze-shaped traditional Russian jumper dress for ladies which is usually worn by the Russian women in the cultural festivities as worn as the Russian folk costume. Sarafans could be of single piece construction with thin shoulder straps over which a sleeveless vest, called a “dushegreya” is sometimes worn, giving the shape of the body of a smaller triangle over a larger one.

For the last 2 or 3 centuries, another thing in the traditional dress for women in Russia has become common and i-e the women’s headdress. Image by dream2life

For the last 2 or 3 centuries, another thing in the traditional dress for women in Russia has become common and i-e the women’s headdress. Image by dream2life

For the last 2 or 3 centuries, another thing in the traditional dress for women in Russia has become common and i-e the women’s headdress. It was a strict regulation in the gone days Russia for women of every age to cover their heads. Maiden girls were also bound to at least cover the top of their hair. This was the reason that headdresses became integral part of the traditional outfits in Russia.

National costume with traditional Kokoshnik. Image by Igor Klisov

National costume with traditional Kokoshnik. Image by Igor Klisov

Kokoshnik is the best example which normally has a high front shaped like a crescent with rounded edges and it is usually decorated with gold and ornamental embroidery.

Russian fur hats are particularly known in the world  - Image by xjyxjy

Russian fur hats are particularly known in the world – Image by xjyxjy

As you all know that Russia is a cold country having harsh weather conditions in winter. Russian fur hats are particularly known in the world and that are in the use of the Russians for unknown period. These fur hats usefully protect the Russians even in the coldest environment. Russian fur hats are normally made with soft sheepskin and fluffy rabbit fur and come in different varieties, shapes, colors and sizes.

Russian Valenki are made of wool felt - Image by Victor Radziun

Russian Valenki are made of wool felt – Image by Victor Radziun

One thing is perhaps the most significant in the Russian clothing culture; the traditional valenki shoes that are usually made with felt (100 % sheep wool). These boots are still so popular in Russia and now the shoe-makers have brought numerous changes in the styles and designs of valenki shoes. Each valenok is cut out of a single, seamless strip of lamb’s wool. It is dipped in acid and then in boiling water, then before being oven-dried, it is beaten to form a heel and a point at the toe. Valenki felt boots have healing effect – for flu, rheumatic disease, feet massage.

Pavlovsky Posad is a town in Russia which is still famous for its production of traditional shawls and kerchiefs. Image by archer10 (Dennis) 2

Pavlovsky Posad is a town in Russia which is still famous for its production of traditional shawls and kerchiefs. Image by archer10 (Dennis) 2

If we don’t mention the traditional shawls of Russia over here, it will be entirely unfair. Pavlovsky Posad is a town in Russia which is still famous for its production of traditional shawls and kerchiefs. These traditional Russian shawls, are prepared with pure and 100 percent soft wool fiber. Now these shawls are made in magnificent patterns with elaborative styles and bright colors.

These traditional Russian shawls, are prepared with pure and 100 percent soft wool fiber. Image by steveleenow

These traditional Russian shawls, are prepared with pure and 100 percent soft wool fiber. Image by steveleenow

The shawl-makers engrave and preserve the original designs in wooden blocks, each pattern at a time, and then they print each color separately and make shawls absolutely fancy.

Traditional dress of Russia is a truly a symbol of ethnic diversity in the Russian Federation and it is particularly known in the world for its natural conformity and luminous style. Image by Stas Porter

Traditional dress of Russia is a truly a symbol of ethnic diversity in the Russian Federation and it is particularly known in the world for its natural conformity and luminous style. Image by Stas Porter

Russian traditional jewelry is also famous in the world, particularly in the northern Europe for its tremendous art-work, phenomenal designs and spectacular patterns. It is elaborated in brilliant manners and comes in different exotic varieties.

Russian traditional jewelry is also famous in the world, particularly in the northern Europe  - Image by Grozz

Russian traditional jewelry is also famous in the world, particularly in the northern Europe – Image by Grozz

Rostov Finift is a traditional Russian handcrafted ornament dating back to 1175 which was at that time made with a type of enamel. It is considered that it was originated in the ancient Byzantium era but after that it became popular in Russia.

Rostov Finift is a traditional Russian handcrafted ornament dating back to 1175 . Image copyright by russarcher

Rostov Finift is a traditional Russian handcrafted ornament dating back to 1175 . Image copyright by russarcher

Traditional dress of Russia is a truly a symbol of ethnic diversity in the Russian Federation and it is particularly known in the world for its natural conformity and luminous style. Although there are countless regions in the country and each of them has its own clothing identity, yet symmetrical composition of the dress prepared with the graceful fabric is the most common feature among them all.

Russian Belly Dancer - Image copyright  by Ehsan Hoque

Russian Belly Dancer – Image copyright by Ehsan Hoque

For more interesting posts with the same subject on the Lovely Planet Website, please click the following links;

1-    Algerian Traditional Dress
2-    Traditional Dress Of Serbia
3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
6-    Traditional Dress Of Albania
7-    Traditional Dress Of Tunisia
8-    Traditional Dress Of Lebanon
9-    Traditional Dress Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
10-  Traditional Dress Of Azerbaijan
11-  Traditional Dress Of Turkmenistan
12-  Traditional Dress Of Kazakhstan
13-  Traditional Dress Of Kyrgyzstan
14-  Traditional Dress Of Uzbekistan
15-  Traditional Dress Of Tajikistan
16-  The Traditional Dress Of Laos
17-  The Traditional Dress Of Vietnam
18-  Traditional Dresses Of The World – 1
19-  Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir
20-  Ottoman Dresses From Turkey
21-  Colors Of Cholistan
22-  Cultural Dresses Of Balochistan
23-  Lehenga Choli Or Ghagra Choli
24-  Sari Or Saree : Traditional Dress Of Women In South Asia
25-  Ajrak , The Traditional Attire From Sindh , Pakistan
26-  The Traditional Tais Of East Timor
27-  Shalwar Kameez: The Popular Dress Of South Asia
28-  Churidar Pajama: The Favorite South Asian Attire
29-  Pakistani Bridal Dress
30-  Rilli, Sindhi Quilt Art
31-  Fantastic, Alluring Khussa Shoes
32-  Customs And Traditions Of Kalash Tribe
33-  Hanfu, The Classical Chinese Dress
34-  London Fashion Week
35-  Fashion Week Milan: The Glamorous Event Of Italy
36-  New York Fashion Week
37-  Paris Fashion Week
38- Traditional Dress Of Jordan
39- Traditional Dress Of Syria
40- Traditional Dress Of Afghanistan
41- Traditional Dress Of Palestine
42- Traditional Dress Of Oman
43-Traditional Dress Of Nigeria
44- Traditional Dress Of Hungary
45-Traditional Dress Of Ukraine
46- Malaysian Traditional Dress
47- Traditional Dress Of Kenya
48- Traditional Eastern Brides
49- Traditional Dress Of Bulgaria
50- Traditional dress of Uganda
51- Traditional Dress of Iceland
52- Traditional Dress of Croatia
53- traditional dress of Norway
54- Traditional dress of Finland
55- Traditional Dress of Philippines
56- Traditional dress of Denmark
57- Traditional dress of Belarus
58- Traditional Dress of Puerto Rico
59- Traditional Dress of Nicaragua: Marvelous and colorful
60 – Traditional Dress of Nepal: Whimsical but charming
61- Brilliant Colors of Dagestan: Really fanciful and imaginative
62- Kabuki: A classical and traditional Japanese theater
63- Boogie-woogie: A famous Swing Dance
64- Colors of Samba Dance from Brazil: So lively so amazing
65- Ho Jamalo: The favorite folk dance of Sindh
66- Odissi from the Eastern India: A historic ritual dance
67- Sattriya from Assam: A classical Indian dance
68- Fandango: A famous couple dance from Spain
69- Maypole from Europe: A fabulous circle folk dance
70- Cueca: The national dance of Chile
71- Traditional dress of Belgium: A charming European attire
72- Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
73- Colors of Kalash: 5 lovely images of beautiful Kalash girls
74- Traditional dress of Georgia: The fantastic Chokha
75- Traditional dress of Argentina: The warrior Gaucho costume
76- Traditional dress of Venezuela: Not complicated but decorated
77- Traditional dress of Latvia: Made with the Linen fabric
78- Traditional dress of Romania: So captivating and graceful
79- Traditional dress of Estonia: So classy and versatile
80- Traditional dress of Armenia: So colorful and diversified
81- Traditional dress of Angola: A symbol of the ethnic culture
82- Traditional dress of Austria: Dirndl, Lederhosen and Tracht
83-Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations
84- Traditional dress of Zambia: Rare but unique in nature
85- Traditional dress of Slovakia: Kroje , decorated and cultural
86. Traditional dress of Qatar: Pure Arabian endowment
87. Traditional dress of Brazil: So bright and colorful in nature
88. Traditional dress of Colombia: So iconic in Latin America
89. Traditional dress of Chile: So artistic and cultural
90. Traditional dress of Mexico: Blend of indigenous and imported cultures
91- Traditional dress of Panama: The exotic Mola and La Pollera
92- Traditional dress of Cuba: A product of multi-cultural effects
93- Traditional dress of Bangladesh: So awesome in its nature and kind
94- Traditional dress of Indonesia: Featured with unique patterns and designs
95- Traditional dress of Pakistan: Legacy of ancient civilizations

50 top and the most famous male actors of the world cinema & Hollywood

This was really a tough ask to select the best and most famous male celebrities who are related to world cinema and entertainment industry in the lovely planet. There are countless male performing artists and actors from Hollywood who amuse their fans and viewers with their electrifying performances and unique appearances or roles. They are truly charismatic and talented who are particularly known for command in their work and thorough professionalism. Although big screen is their specialty but some of them are equally popular on television, theater and even in other entertaining categories. Here is the list of 50 top and the most famous male actors of the world cinema & Holly-wood along with their gorgeous images. We have also mentioned their full namesdates of birth and major achievements (Big Awards) in the following list that is arranged in alphabetical order.

1. Adam Richard Sandler 

Born September 9, 1966. An exceptional American actor, comedian, screenwriter, entrepreneur, film producer, and musician

Adam Richard Sandler  Born September 9, 1966. An exceptional American actor, comedian, screenwriter, entrepreneur, film producer, and musician - Image by Sharon Graphics

Adam Richard Sandler – Image by Sharon Graphics

2. Alfredo James “Al” Pacino 

Alfredo James "Al" Pacino  Born April 25, 1940. An outstanding American actor and filmmaker  He has won one Oscar, four Golden Globe and two BAFTA awards in his career - Image by Gabbo T

Alfredo James “Al” Pacino – Image by Gabbo T

Born April 25, 1940. An outstanding American actor and filmmaker. He has won one Oscar, four Golden Globe and two BAFTA awards in his career.

 3. Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE 

Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE  Born 31 December 1937. A brilliant Welsh actor of film, stage, and television, and a composer and painter. Along with his Academy Award, Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards, two Emmys and the Cecil B. DeMille Award

Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins, CBE

Born 31 December 1937. A brilliant Welsh actor of film, stage, and television, and a composer and painter. Along with his Academy Award, Hopkins has also won three BAFTA Awards, two Emmys and the Cecil B. DeMille Award

4. Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger 

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger  Born July 30, 1947. A distinguished Austrian-born American actor, filmmaker, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder and politician - Image by Starcadet

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger – Image by Starcadet

Born July 30, 1947. A distinguished Austrian-born American actor, filmmaker, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder and politician

5. Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt – Ben Affleck

Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt - Ben Affleck Born August 15, 1972. A well-known American actor, director, writer, producer and activist. He has received two Academy Awards, for writing and producing, and three Golden Globe Awards for his work as a director, writer, and producer. Image: Nivrae

Benjamin Géza Affleck-Boldt – Image: Nivrae

Born August 15, 1972. A well-known American actor, director, writer, producer and activist. He has received two Academy Awards, for writing and producing, and three Golden Globe Awards for his work as a director, writer, and producer.

6. Benjamin Edward “Ben” Stiller 

Benjamin Edward "Ben" Stiller  Born November 30, 1965. A famous American actor, comedian, and filmmaker. Image: Rob Rich © 2011 robwayne1@aol.com 516-676-3939

Benjamin Edward “Ben” Stiller – Image: Rob Rich © 2011 robwayne1@aol.com 516-676-3939

Born November 30, 1965. A famous American actor, comedian, and filmmaker

7. William Bradley “Brad” Pitt 

William Bradley "Brad" Pitt  Born December 18, 1963. A phenomenal American actor and film producer. He has received a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and one Academy award for productions of his film production company Plan B Entertainment - Image by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer

William Bradley “Brad” Pitt 

Born December 18, 1963. A phenomenal American actor and film producer. He has received a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and one Academy award for productions of his film production company Plan B Entertainment

8. Bradley Charles Cooper

Bradley Charles Cooper Born January 5, 1975. A splendid American actor and producer- Image by david_shankbone

Bradley Charles Cooper – Image by david_shankbone

Born January 5, 1975. A splendid American actor and producer

9. Walter Bruce Willis 

Walter Bruce Willis  Born March 19, 1955. An impressive American actor, producer, and singer - Image  by maleika2006

Walter Bruce Willis – Image by maleika2006

Born March 19, 1955. An impressive American actor, producer, and singer

10. Chiwetelu Umeadi “Chiwetel” Ejiofor,OBE

Chiwetelu Umeadi "Chiwetel" Ejiofor,OBE Born 10 July 1977. A prominent British actor of film, television, and theatre  - Image by theglobalpanorama

Chiwetelu Umeadi “Chiwetel” Ejiofor – Image by theglobalpanorama

Born 10 July 1977. A prominent British actor of film, television, and theatre 

11. Chris Hemsworth 

Chris Hemsworth  Born 11 August 1983. A magnificent Australian actor  - Image  by discutivo

Chris Hemsworth – Image by discutivo

Born 11 August 1983. A magnificent Australian actor

12. Christian Charles Philip Bale 

Christian Charles Philip Bale  Born 30 January 1974. A superb English actor who has won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role. - Image  by modenadude

Christian Charles Philip Bale – Image by modenadude

Born 30 January 1974. A superb English actor who has won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role.

13. Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE, CStJ

Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE, CStJ Born 27 May 1922. An extraordinary English actor and singer - Image by avda-foto

Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee – Image by avda-foto

Born 27 May 1922. An extraordinary English actor and singer

14. Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer CC

Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer CC Born December 13, 1929. A gorgeous Canadian theatre, film and television actor. Plummer has won Academy Award, two Emmy Awards, two Tony Awards, a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award - Image by gdgraphics

Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer – Image by gdgraphics

Born December 13, 1929. A gorgeous Canadian theatre, film and television actor.Plummer has won Academy Award, two Emmy Awards, two Tony Awards, a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award

15. Clinton “Clint” Eastwood, Jr. 

Clinton "Clint" Eastwood, Jr.  Born May 31, 1930. A unique American actor, film director, producer and composer. His widest reception has been in film work, for which he has received 5 times Academy Awards, Directors Guild of America Awards, Golden Globe Awards, and People's Choice Awards among others. - Image  by National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund

Clinton “Clint” Eastwood – Image by National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund

Born May 31, 1930. A unique American actor, film director, producer and composer. His widest reception has been in film work, for which he has received 5 times Academy Awards, Directors Guild of America Awards, Golden Globe Awards, and People’s Choice Awards among others.

16. Colin Andrew Firth CBE

Colin Andrew Firth CBE Born 10 September 1960.  An eminent English film, television, and theatre actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, two BAFTAs and three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup - Image by Sharon Graphics

Colin Andrew Firth – Image by Sharon Graphics

Born 10 September 1960.  An eminent English film, television, and theatre actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, two BAFTAs and three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup

17. Daniel Wroughton Craig

Daniel Wroughton Craig Born 2 March 1968. A gorgeous English actor. Cast as the fictional British secret agent James Bond 007.- Image  by Benoit Dupont

Daniel Wroughton Craig – Image by Benoit Dupont

Born 2 March 1968. A gorgeous English actor. Cast as the fictional British secret agent James Bond 007.

18. Denzel Hayes Washington, Jr.

Denzel Hayes Washington, Jr.  Born December 28, 1954. A high-ranking American actor, film director and film producer has received two Golden Globe awards and a Tony Award, and two Academy Awards - Image by Gabbo T

Denzel Hayes Washington, Jr. – Image by Gabbo T

Born December 28, 1954. A high-ranking American actor, film director and film producer has received two Golden Globe awards and a Tony Award, and two Academy Awards

19. Dustin Lee Hoffman

Dustin Lee Hoffman Born August 8, 1937. An American big-gun being an actor with a career in film, television, and theatre since 1960. Hoffman has been nominated for seven Academy Awards, winning two and thirteen Golden Globes, winning six and also has won four BAFTAs awards as well. - Image by garryknight

Dustin Lee Hoffman – Image by garryknight

Born August 8, 1937. An American big-gun being an actor with a career in film, television, and theatre since 1960. Hoffman has been nominated for seven Academy Awards, winning two and thirteen Golden Globes, winning six and also has won four BAFTAs awards as well.

20. Dwayne Douglas Johnson

Dwayne Douglas Johnson  Born May 2, 1972, also known by his ring name The Rock, is an outstanding American/Canadian actor, producer, and professional wrestler, best known for his time with WWE.  Photo by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer

Dwayne Douglas Johnson

Born May 2, 1972, also known by his ring name The Rock, is an outstanding American/Canadian actor, producer, and professional wrestler, best known for his time with WWE.

21. George Timothy Clooney

George Timothy Clooney  Born May 6, 1961. A majestic American actor and filmmaker. He has received three Golden Globe Awards for his work as an actor and two Academy Awards, one for acting and the other for producing - Image by Martin de Witte

George Timothy Clooney – Image by Martin de Witte

Born May 6, 1961. A majestic American actor and filmmaker. He has received three Golden Globe Awards for his work as an actor and two Academy Awards, one for acting and the other for producing.

22. Harrison Ford

Harrison Ford  Born July 13, 1942 is a phenomenal American film actor and producer. Ford received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Witness, for which he also received "Best Actor" BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations. - Image by antxoa

Harrison Ford Born – Image by antxoa

Born July 13, 1942 is a phenomenal American film actor and producer. Ford received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Witness, for which he also received “Best Actor” BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations.

23. Hugh Michael Jackman

Hugh Michael Jackman  Born 12 October 1968 is a brilliant Australian actor and producer who is involved in film, musical theatre, and television. - Image by Gage Skidmore

Hugh Michael Jackman – Image by Gage Skidmore

Born 12 October 1968 is a brilliant Australian actor and producer who is involved in film, musical theatre, and television.

24. John Joseph “Jack” Nicholson

John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson  Born April 22, 1937.  A superb American actor, film director, producer, and writer. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice. He also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Terms of Endearment.  - Image by mharrsch

John Joseph “Jack” Nicholson 

Born April 22, 1937.  A superb American actor, film director, producer, and writer.Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice. He also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Terms of Endearment.

25. James Edward Franco

 James Edward Franco  Born April 19, 1978. A mesmerizing American actor, filmmaker, teacher, and author. Franco was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor In 2013 - Image by nick step

James Edward Franco – Image by nick step

Born April 19, 1978. A mesmerizing American actor, filmmaker, teacher, and author. Franco was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor In 2013

26. Jeffrey Leon “Jeff” Bridges

Jeffrey Leon "Jeff" Bridges  Born December 4, 1949 is a versatile American actor, country musician, and producer.  He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Otis "Bad" Blake in the 2009 film Crazy Heart and earned Academy Award nominations for his roles in The Last Picture Show, Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, Starman, The Contender and True Grit. - Image by Gage Skidmore

Jeffrey Leon “Jeff” Bridges – Image by Gage Skidmore

Born December 4, 1949 is a versatile American actor, country musician, and producer.  He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Otis “Bad” Blake in the 2009 film Crazy Heart and earned Academy Award nominations for his roles in The Last Picture Show, Thunderbolt and LightfootStarmanThe Contender and True Grit.

27. Jeremy Lee Renner

Jeremy Lee Renner Born January 7, 1971. A celebrated American actor, singer-songwriter, film producer, former makeup artist, and musician. In The Hurt Locker (2008), he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor - Image  by insidethemagic

Jeremy Lee Renner – Image by insidethemagic

Born January 7, 1971. A celebrated American actor, singer-songwriter, film producer, former makeup artist, and musician. In The Hurt Locker (2008), he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor

28. James Eugene “Jim” Carrey

James Eugene "Jim" Carrey  Born January 17, 1962. An enthusiastic Canadian American actor, comedian, and producer. Carrey has received four Golden Globe Award nominations, winning two. - Image by Castles, Capes & Clones

James Eugene “Jim” Carrey – Image by Castles, Capes & Clones

Born January 17, 1962. An enthusiastic Canadian American actor, comedian, and producer. Carrey has received four Golden Globe Award nominations, winning two.

29. John Joseph Travolta

John Joseph Travolta  Born February 18, 1954. A passionate American actor, dancer, and singer who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Saturday Night Fever and Pulp Fiction. He won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor for his performance in Get Shorty - Image by Axel Schwenke

John Joseph Travolta – Image by Axel Schwenke

Born February 18, 1954. A passionate American actor, dancer, and singer who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for Saturday Night Fever and Pulp Fiction. He won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor for his performance in Get Shorty.

30. John Christopher “Johnny” Depp II

John Christopher "Johnny" Depp II  Born June 9, 1963. A well-known American actor, film producer, and musician. He has won the Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild award for Best Actor. - Image by modenadude

John Christopher “Johnny” Depp II  – Image by modenadude

Born June 9, 1963. A well-known American actor, film producer, and musician. He has won the Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild award for Best Actor.

31. Kevin Norwood Bacon

Kevin Norwood Bacon Born July 8, 1958 is a famous American actor and musician who has won a Golden Globe Award, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, and was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. - Image by oseillo

Kevin Norwood Bacon  – Image by oseillo

Born July 8, 1958 is a famous American actor and musician who has won a Golden Globe Award, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, and was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award.

32. Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio

Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio  Born November 11, 1974. An astonishing American actor and film producer. He has been nominated for five Academy Awards and ten Golden Globe Awards including winning Golden Globes for Best Actor in a Drama for The Aviator (2004)  - Image by Neo_II

Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio – Image by Neo_II

Born November 11, 1974. An astonishing American actor and film producer. He has been nominated for five Academy Awards and ten Golden Globe Awards including winning Golden Globes for Best Actor in a Drama for The Aviator (2004)

33. Liam John Neeson, OBE

Liam John Neeson, OBE Born 7 June 1952. An excellent Irish actor who  has been nominated for a number of awards including an Academy Award for Best Actor, a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and three Golden Globe Awards for Best Actor in a Motion Picture Drama - Image by Reza Vaziri

Liam John Neeson – Image by Reza Vaziri

Born 7 June 1952. An excellent Irish actor who  has been nominated for a number of awards including an Academy Award for Best Actor, a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and three Golden Globe Awards for Best Actor in a Motion Picture Drama

34. Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg 

Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg  Born June 5, 1971 is a celebrious American actor, producer, model, and former rapper - Image  by The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas

Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg – Image by The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas

Born June 5, 1971 is a celebrious American actor, producer, model, and former rapper. 

35. Matthew Paige “Matt” Damon

Matthew Paige "Matt" Damon  Born October 8, 1970 is a preeminent American actor, voice actor, screenwriter, producer, and philanthropist. Aside from awards and nominations he has garnered for his role as actor and producer, - Image by Save the Children

Matthew Paige “Matt” Damon – Image by Save the Children

Born October 8, 1970 is a preeminent American actor, voice actor, screenwriter, producer, and philanthropist. Aside from awards and nominations he has garnered for his role as actor and producer,

36. Matthew David McConaughey

Matthew David McConaughey  Born November 4, 1969 is a renowned American actor. McConaughey achieved further success in 2013 for portraying a cowboy diagnosed with AIDS in the biographical film Dallas Buyers Club, which earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Drama, among other awards and nominations.  - Image  by tamaradulva

Matthew David McConaughey – Image by tamaradulva

Born November 4, 1969 is a renowned American actor. McConaughey achieved further success in 2013 for portraying a cowboy diagnosed with AIDS in the biographical film Dallas Buyers Club, which earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Drama, among other awards and nominations.

37. Mel Colm-Cille Gerard Gibson AO

Mel Colm-Cille Gerard Gibson AO Born January 3, 1956. A world-famed American actor, film director, producer and screenwriter and in 1995, who produced, directed, and starred in the Braveheart, for which he won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Director, along with the Academy Award for Best Picture.- Image by mharrsch

Mel Colm-Cille Gerard Gibson – Image by mharrsch

Born January 3, 1956. A world-famed American actor, film director, producer and screenwriter and in 1995, who produced, directed, and starred in the Braveheart, for which he won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Director, along with the Academy Award for Best Picture.

38. Michael Kirk Douglas

Michael Kirk Douglas  Born September 25, 1944 is an esteemed American actor and producer, primarily in movies and television. He has won four Golden Globes and two Academy Awards—as producer of 1975's Best Picture, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest - Image by david_shankbone

Michael Kirk Douglas – Image by david_shankbone

Born September 25, 1944 is an esteemed American actor and producer, primarily in movies and television. He has won four Golden Globes and two Academy Awards—as producer of 1975’s Best Picture, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest

39. Morgan Freeman

Morgan Freeman Born June 1, 1937 is a spectacular American actor, film director, and narrator who has received Academy Award nominations and won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 2005 for Million Dollar Baby. He has also won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award  -  Image by cliff1066™

Morgan Freeman – Image by cliff1066™

Born June 1, 1937 is a spectacular American actor, film director, and narrator who has received Academy Award nominations and won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 2005 for Million Dollar Baby. He has also won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award

40. Nicolas Kim Coppola

Nicolas Kim Coppola  Born January 7, 1964) known professionally as Nicolas Cage, is a cherished American actor and filmmaker. Cage received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, and Screen Actors Guild Award for his performance as an alcoholic Hollywood writer in Leaving Las Vegas (1995)  - Image by jamia54

Nicolas Kim Coppola – Image by jamia54

Born January 7, 1964) known professionally as Nicolas Cage, is a cherished American actor and filmmaker. Cage received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, and Screen Actors Guild Award for his performance as an alcoholic Hollywood writer in Leaving Las Vegas (1995)

41. Robert De Niro

Robert De Niro  Born August 17, 1943 is a considerable American actor and film producer who has earned four nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Image by david_shankbone

Robert De Niro – Image by david_shankbone

Born August 17, 1943 is a considerable American actor and film producer who has earned four nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor.

42. Robert John Downey, Jr.

Robert John Downey, Jr.  Born April 4, 1965 is a popular American actor, filmmaker, and singer. He starred as Charlie Chaplin, the title character in the 1992 film Chaplin, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. - Image by Aly Leibow

Robert John Downey, Jr. – Image by Aly Leibow

Born April 4, 1965 is a popular American actor, filmmaker, and singer. He starred as Charlie Chaplin, the title character in the 1992 film Chaplin, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

43. Robert Douglas Thomas Pattinson

Robert Douglas Thomas Pattinson Born 13 May 1986 is an English actor, model, musician and producer who has earned two Empire Awards nomination and won eleven MTV Movie Awards, two People's Choice Awards- Image  by fahadali2013

Robert Douglas Thomas Pattinson – Image by fahadali2013

Born 13 May 1986 is an English actor, model, musician and producer who has earned two Empire Awards nomination and won eleven MTV Movie Awards, two People’s Choice Awards

44. Russell Ira Crowe

Russell Ira Crowe  Born 7 April 1964 is a valued New Zealand actor, film producer and musician based in Australia and the United States. Crowe's work has earned him several accolades during his career including a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, three consecutive Academy Award nominations (1999–2001), one Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, one BAFTA, and an Academy Award.  - Image by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer

Russell Ira Crowe – Image by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer

Born 7 April 1964 is a valued New Zealand actor, film producer and musician based in Australia and the United States. Crowe’s work has earned him several accolades during his career including a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, three consecutive Academy Award nominations (1999–2001), one Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, one BAFTA, and an Academy Award.

45. Sir Thomas Sean Connery

Sir Thomas Sean Connery  Born 25 August 1930 is a tremendous Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award. - Image by tolenga dany

Sir Thomas Sean Connery – Image by tolenga dany

Born 25 August 1930 is a tremendous Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award.

46. Sean Penn

Sean Penn  Born August 17, 1960 is a splendid American actor who has won two Academy Awards, for his roles in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008). - Image by rehes

Sean Penn – Image by rehes

Born August 17, 1960 is a splendid American actor who has won two Academy Awards, for his roles in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008).

47. Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone

Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone  Born July 6, 1946, nicknamed Sly Stallone is a handsome American actor, screenwriter and film director. He has been nominated for two Academy Awards for Rocky, Best Original Screenplay and Best Actor. - Image  by teobonjour - www.matteomignani.it

Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone – Image by teobonjour – www.matteomignani.it

Born July 6, 1946, nicknamed Sly Stallone is a handsome American actor, screenwriter and film director. He has been nominated for two Academy Awards for RockyBest Original Screenplay and Best Actor.

48. Thomas “Tom” Cruise

Thomas "Tom" Cruise Born  July 3, 1962.  An outlandish American film actor and producer. He has been nominated for three Academy Awards and has won three Golden Globe Awards. - Image  by Alex Jilitsky

Thomas “Tom” Cruise Born – Image by Alex Jilitsky

Born  July 3, 1962.  An outlandish American film actor and producer. He has been nominated for three Academy Awards and has won three Golden Globe Awards.

49. Thomas Jeffrey “Tom” Hanks

Born July 9, 1956. An extra-ordinary American actor and filmmaker who has won a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Philadelphia, as well as a Golden Globe, an Academy Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and a People’s Choice Award for Best Actor for his role in Forrest Gump.

Thomas Jeffrey "Tom" Hanks  Born July 9, 1956. An extra-ordinary American actor and filmmaker who has won a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Philadelphia, as well as a Golden Globe, an Academy Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and a People's Choice Award for Best Actor for his role in Forrest Gump. - Image by nino63004

Thomas Jeffrey “Tom” Hanks – Image by nino63004

50. Willard Carroll “Will” Smith, Jr.

Willard Carroll "Will" Smith, Jr. Born September 25, 1968 is a magnificent American actor, producer, and rapper. Smith has been nominated for four Golden Globe Awards, two Academy Awards, and has won four Grammy Awards.- Image by Rude Cech

Willard Carroll “Will” Smith, Jr. – Image by Rude Cech

Born September 25, 1968 is a magnificent American actor, producer, and rapper. Smith has been nominated for four Golden Globe Awards, two Academy Awards, and has won four Grammy Awards.

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Traditional dress of Pakistan: Legacy of ancient civilizations

I never thought that to write about the traditional dress of my own country, Pakistan would be a tough ask. I try to precise in few lines about some distinctive and historic characteristics of the region for you to understand that why traditional clothing in Pakistan is so complicated and perplexed. Today’s Pakistan is the sixth most populous country of the lovely planet having a population of more than 180 million people. One should remember that Pakistan is the country which has tremendous history and magnificent past. Its territories remained the center of the most ancient civilizations; the Sonanians from the ancient Soan valley, the great Indus valley civilization from Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro and the Vedic civilization of Indo-Aryans having their center at the historic city of Multan.

Mohenjo-daro. Ancient ruins - Pakistan. Image by bennylin0724

Mohenjo-daro. Ancient ruins – Pakistan. Image by bennylin0724

The Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Indo-Greek Empire lead by Alexander the Great and the establishment of the Maurya Empire famous with the names of Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka the Great are one of the earliest and most prominent features of the heritage history of Pakistan. The Medieval period is run by the domination of the Muslim occupation over the region in which Islam spread readily through the preachers and Sufi missionaries. After the Arabs arrival into the region, the continent witnessed many successive Muslim Empires including the Ghaznavid Empire (975–1187 CE), the Ghorid Kingdom, the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526 CE), the Lodi dynasty and the last and the most famous Mughal Empire (1526–1857 CE). After the decline of Mughals in the early eighteenth century , Indian sub-continent was become the colony of the United Kingdom and that particular era is known as the British Raj  that lasted between 1858 and 1947.The term can also refer to the period of dominion. Nowadays Pakistan was come into existence in 1947, when Partition of India was taken place.

Ancient cultural dresses from Lahore museum of puppetry. Image by leeno

Ancient cultural dresses from Lahore museum of puppetry. Image by leeno

Pakistani people have the clothing culture enriched with the numerous influences of thousands of years old heritage and let’s say this correctly that traditional dress of Pakistan is the legacy of ancient civilizations. There are many varieties of the ethnic costumes in Pakistan and which mainly include the dresses of Punjabis, Sindhis, Balochis, Pashtuns and Kashmiris.

Young girls from Pabbi, Pakistan in native outfits. Image: damonlynch

Young girls from Pabbi, Pakistan in native outfits. Image: damonlynch

Shalwar Kameez is the national dress of Pakistan which is equally popular in the region as and one of the traditional dresses for men and women of South Asia. This dress is also worn in some states of Central Asia. Shalwar Kameez or Shalwar Qameez is long attire which normally goes below the knees. For men it is a two piece dress, shalwar (trousers) with Kameez (Long tunic shirt) and for women it is a three piece dress, i-e Shalwar (trousers also known as the pajama), Kameez (top which is also known as kurta) with Duppata (Scarf).

Shalwar Kameez is the national dress of Pakistan. Image: uusc4all

Shalwar Kameez is the national dress of Pakistan. Image: uusc4all

Shalwar Kameez has gone through many variations especially during the last century. In the start of the twentieth century, the women usually wore a short Kameez that was somewhere between the hip and the knee. The Shalwar then was widely flared with a narrow horizontal band at the end. But after 1970’s Shalwar Kameez was introduced with numerous designs and stitched on tremendous patterns. During the summer, Shalwar Kameez is liked in silk and in cool cotton fabric. While in winter Satins and heavy brocade work is applied on Shalwar Kameez.

Two Pakistani old men wearing Shalwar Kameez - Islamabad, Pakistan

Two Pakistani old men wearing Shalwar Kameez – Islamabad, Pakistan

For men, Shalwar Kameez is wide spread from top to bottom in which the Kameez is kept very loose with full sleeves, cuff from front sleeve part and wide collar with pocket on front left side. The length of Kameez or Kurta is usually up to or more than knee. There are long slits on both sides. Normally it is straight from chest to bottom. There is a strap on front with 3-4 buttons after collar. The Shalwar is wide and long up to feet with wide bottom. The men prefer Shalwar Kameez having pockets on both sides.

Traditional Kurta Shalwar outfits from Pakistan - Happy brothers, lovely look. Image by Jahanzeb Nazir Malik

Traditional Kurta Shalwar outfits from Pakistan – Happy brothers, lovely look.                 Image: Jahanzeb Nazir Malik

Kurta Shalwar is also iconic in Pakistani clothing culture. Kurta normally and traditionally comes in rectangular shape embellished with small moisture wicking breathable fabric pieces in an elegant style. Sleeves are straight to the wrists and are broadly opened. The front and back pieces of a simple kurta are also rectangular. Although Kurta is traditionally collarless dress but in the moderns times it has become in fashion to use Kurta with stand-up collars of the type known to tailors and seamstresses as “mandarin” collars.

Traditional Kurti and Jeans: Made with light material and comparatively shorter than the traditional Kameez.

Traditional Kurti and Jeans: Made with light material and comparatively shorter than the traditional Kameez.

Nowadays modern women in Pakistan love to wear a similar form known as “Kurti” over jeans. These Kurtis are made with light material and comparatively shorter than the traditional Kameez.

Waistcoat is a traditional and sleeveless outer garment for Pakistani men. Photo by Michael Keith Photography

Waistcoat is a traditional and sleeveless outer garment for Pakistani men. Photo by Michael Keith Photography

Waistcoat is a traditional and sleeveless outer garment for Pakistani men having a full vertical opening in the front, which fastens with buttons. Waistcoats are designed in multiple styles and shapes suiting to the dress. In Pakistan, traditionally waist-coats are made with leather and woolen fabrics.

Sherwani is another formal and traditional outfit from Pakistan which is actually a long coat

Sherwani is another formal and traditional outfit from Pakistan which is actually a long coat

Sherwani is another formal and traditional outfit from Pakistan which is actually a long coat normally in black color and stitched with grace. Nowadays the Pakistani grooms prefer Sherwanis or Achkans over their Kurta or Shirt and the dress is specially designed with intricate embroidery and designs. Sometimes the Sherwani is also accompanied with a wedding turban.

Traditional Khussa Shoes from Pakistan - Image by junaidrao

Traditional Khussa Shoes from Pakistan – Image by junaidrao

Made from fine leather and embellished with golden and silver threads, beads and sequins on traditional motifs; Khussa is an awesome traditional and handmade footwear from Pakistan. The art and craft of designing Khussa is very old in the Indian sub continent especially in the Punjab region of Pakistan. However, the art reached its zenith when the Mughal emperors (especially Prince Saleem) adopted this traditional footwear and made it part of the royal costume.

A pair of ladies Khussa shoes - Image by /tiinan

A pair of ladies Khussa shoes – Image by /tiinan

Today, Khussa shoes are worn by men and women of all ages at wedding ceremonies, festivals or just as daily footwear. They are made manually. The shape, design, color and material of Khussa shoes vary within different regions but they are equally liked by people of all regions. Khussa is worn with traditional dresses like Shalwar Qameez or Pajama; however, youngsters wear it as casual footwear with jeans as it is trendy, stylish and available in many varieties.

Churidar - Choori Pajama is the name of this dress in the local language, of this traditional outfit from Pakistan

Churidar – Choori Pajama is the name of this dress in the local language, of this traditional outfit from Pakistan

Choori Pajama is the name of this dress in the local language, Urdu in which “CHOORI” denotes as “Churidar” and “Pajama” means “trousers”. Churidar actually means a very tightly fitting pant or trousers which are narrow more quickly, so that contours of the leg are revealed. Churidar Pajamas accentuates the figure and due to this tight fitting the physique is adorably exhibitedEarlier, this dress was called by the British as Moghul breeches, long-drawers, or mosquito drawers.

Elegant White Pakistan Sherwani with pajama - Image courtesy Found on mensweddingsherwanis.com

Elegant White Pakistan Sherwani with pajama – Image courtesy Found on mensweddingsherwanis.com

Churidar Pajama is also the favorite outfit for the women of Pakistan and it is worn by them with a tunic top which is called as Kameez. On the other side, Pakistani Men use Kurta for this purpose. In the most recent years, Churidar pajamas are liked with long shirts and long Dubattas. This dress has also gained significant popularity across Europe and America as many immigrants from the Indian sub-continent have brought this traditional attire along with them to these continents. Churidar Pajama is a splendid variation in the traditional long Shalwar Kameez which has become the most favorite dress among the ladies.

Traditional Baloch man - Image by Ahmed Sajjad Zaidi

Traditional Baloch man – Image by Ahmed Sajjad Zaidi

The cultural dresses of Balochistan are called as “phashik” in the Balochi language. The Balochi males who normally belong to the major ethnic communities, Baloch, Pashtoon and Brahvi, all of them wear similar clothes with little divergence. Turban is considered as an integral part of the male dress and they use loose trousers ( Shalwar ) with knee long shirts in their dress. The Baloch woman wears a dress embellished with heavy sleeves and borders. Another prominent part of the woman’s dress is the trio shaped pocket with lots of embroidery. The cultural dresses of Balochistan are prepared with glass and several colored threads. This is not really easy to make such phenomenal dress as it requires lots of hard work and designing.

A kid wearing traditional Sindhi cap and Ajrak - Image by tariqkhajar

A kid wearing traditional Sindhi cap and Ajrak – Image by tariqkhajar

Ajrak the traditional attire from Sindh , Pakistan is the idiosyncratic cloth used by the locals of Sindh and Southern Punjab as symbol of grace and high esteem. Males use it as turban and Shawl while women use as their Chaddar and Dubatta. It is normally colored with indigo, crimson, white and black patterns. Ajrak the traditional attire from Sindh, Pakistan is made in almost all cities of Sindh. Its usage can be observed in all segments of Sindhi society. It is a prestigious gift often presented to the guests in their honor. The locals also wear Ajrak on mirthful events such as weddings and cultural programs.Sindhi people are also particularly known for their traditional Sindhi cap which is also worn by Saraiki and Baloch people as well. SIndhis feel so much pride in wearing Sindhi cap along with Ajrak. Sindhi cap is normally in cylindrical shape except for a portion cut out in the front to expose the forehead. Sindhi Cap has magnificent embroidery and Shisha work on it and it is made in brilliant colors.

Peshawar Pagdi. Traditional dress from Pakistan. Image  by FATA Reforms

Peshawar Pagdi. Traditional dress from Pakistan. Image by FATA Reforms

Pashtuns of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa also wear a unique Shalwa Qameez dress which is called Khet partug.  The khet is the upper garment which is loose and slightly tightened at the waist and is more like a tunic or a robe, similar to a kameez. The partug is the lower garment which is very loose and full of pleats. In Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa Peshawari Pagri is the integral part of the tribal and rural nobles of their traditional outfit. It includes a cap called kulla and the cloth wrapped around it called lungi. The cloth is much significant in the KPK culture as it a symbol of prestige and great honor for the local people.

Pakol is a traditional cap of Pakistan having round-topped shape. Image  by mishox

Pakol is a traditional cap of Pakistan having round-topped shape. Image by mishox

Pakol is a traditional cap having round-topped shape and it is so common in KPK where men of every age prefer to wear it. It is basically worn to shelter from the harsh winter conditions and usually made with woolen material.

In Gilgit-Baltistan, the white color pakol is more popular and is sometimes worn with a peacock plume. Image © MONUSCO Sylvain Liechti

In Gilgit-Baltistan, the white color pakol is more popular and is sometimes worn with a peacock plume. Image © MONUSCO Sylvain Liechti

In Gilgit-Baltistan, the white color pakol is more popular and is sometimes worn with a peacock plume stuck in the folds, like a badge, on the front or the side of the cap. The deep blue and green of the peacock feather, set against the white of the cap, is quite eye catching.

A semi-opened traditional footwear which originated from Peshawar is called Peshawari Chappal. Image by Muhammad Ali Mir

A semi-opened traditional footwear which originated from Peshawar is called Peshawari Chappal. Image by Muhammad Ali Mir

A semi-opened traditional footwear from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa which originated from the Provincial capital, Peshawar is called Peshawari Chappal. As the name denotes, it was named after Peshawar. These days the same footwear is equally popular in other territotiies particularly in Punjab where it is worn under Shalwar Qameez. Generally comfortable and in unique design, these days the Pakistani youth love to wear it under jeans as well.

Jinanh Cap is also known as Karakul or Qaraqul hat which remained in the use of Mohammad Ali Jinnah (founder of Pakistan) . Image by FreeVerse Photography

Jinanh Cap is also known as Karakul or Qaraqul hat which remained in the use of Mohammad Ali Jinnah (founder of Pakistan) . Image by FreeVerse Photography

Jinanh Cap is also known as Karakul or Qaraqul hat which remained in the use of Mohammad Ali Jinnah (founder of Pakistan) during his political era. This hat is usually made with the fur of the Qaraqul sheep, often from the fur of aborted lamb fetuses. The cap was worn by many of the early politicians of Pakistan and still in the festive occasions and wedding ceremonies respectable and elder Pakistani men prefer Jinnah cap along with their dresses. It is also a part of the local outfit of the Afghan people living around Kabul.

A nomad girl from Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir. Image by NotMicroButSoft (Happy New Year 2014)

A nomad girl from Neelum Valley in traditional dress with her kid goat, Azad Kashmir.                                         Image by NotMicroButSoft (Happy New Year 2014)

The traditional dress of Azad Kashmir or  traditional dress of Jammu & Kashmir is unique in the whole Indian Sub-Continent as it comes from various cultural backgrounds. Pheran is a long loose shirt which hangs down below the knees along with a white turban tied on a skull cap, a close-fitting trousers and lace less shoes called Gurgabi.

The traditional dress of  Azad Kashmir, Pakistan  also includes the delicate Cashmere wool products and Kashmiri Shawls.

The traditional dress of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan also includes the delicate Cashmere wool products and Kashmiri Shawls.

The traditional dress of Jammu & Kashmir also includes the delicate Cashmere wool products and Kashmiri Shawls. These Shawls are popular in the world for the elegant material and exotic embroidery applied on them. The most precious of them are the Shawls prepared with Pashmina Wool and Shahtoosh wool.

Maroon Lehnga; This traditional dress from Pakistan is also known with other names as “Ghagra Choli” or “Chaniya Choli”.

Maroon Lehnga; This traditional dress from Pakistan is also known with other names as “Ghagra Choli” or “Chaniya Choli”.

The women of South Asia are specially known for using glamorous and traditional wedding dresses in the world. The wedding dresses are entirely different and more colorful than the wedding dresses worn by the women of the rest of the world. We’ll tell you about a unique and sparkling wedding dress in this article which is called as “Lehenga Choli”. This dress is also known with other names as “Ghagra Choli” or “Chaniya Choli”.

A perfect wedding wear is a dream of a Pakistani girl on her marriage.

A perfect wedding wear is a dream of a Pakistani girl on her marriage.

perfect wedding wear is a dream of a Pakistani girl on her marriage day because the wedding rites in Pakistan carry a special significance. The preparation of the formal dresses for this festive occasion is a very extraordinary tradition. The Pakistani bride desires it to be charming and memorable as she wants to look stunning throughout the ceremony.

The wedding dress for the brides varies in styles and desigs . Image by rajkumar1220

The wedding dress for the brides varies in styles and desigs . Image by rajkumar1220

The wedding dress for the brides varies in styles and desigs from traditional bridal ware to modern designs or fusion of both. Most bridal dresses are custom made. The fabric, design, colors, stitching, embroidery, jewelry, shoes, make up etc. are all designed to match and complement one another.

Formal bridal dresses in Pakistan include Lehenga, Gharara, Sharara, Shalwar Kameez, Kurta Pajama,Trouser Suit, and Saree etc.

Formal bridal dresses in Pakistan include Lehenga, Gharara, Sharara, Shalwar Kameez, Kurta Pajama,Trouser Suit, and Saree etc.

Formal bridal dresses in Pakistan include LehengaGhararaShararaShalwar KameezKurta Pajama,Trouser Suit, and Saree etc. Some of the wedding attires like Ghararas and Lehengas are very popular in Indo Pak region. Gharrara was originated in the Indian city, Lucknow during the era of Nawabs. At that time it was considered a typical elite dress used by women of upper class. Nowadays these dresses are used by the brides on their wedding days which not only reflect the rich cultural tradition but also add peerless charm in their look.

The Lehenga is actually a large piece of cloth worn around the waist as a skirt with a head covering, called Odhani or Dubatta.

The Lehenga is actually a large piece of cloth worn around the waist as a skirt with a head covering, called Odhani or Dubatta.

The Lehenga is actually a large piece of cloth worn around the waist as a skirt with a head covering, called Odhani or Dubatta. Similarly the other cloth is “Choli” which is actually a bodice. In the past, “Lehenga” used in Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli dress was a narrow outfit tied around the waist. But with the passage of time Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli passed through many variations in its design and it was made more convenient for the wearer. Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli is being worn by the brides in different reddish shades for many centuries. Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli are normally prepared with heavy embroideries and spectacular designs. A bride gets ready in pure eastern shy style and mostly wears Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli on her wedding day. This dress truly reflects the byzantine and sensational customs of South Asian marriage culture.

Lacha Lehnga: In Punjab, Pakistan mostly in villages, the Punjabi women also wear a lacha

Lacha Lehnga: In Punjab, Pakistan mostly in villages, the Punjabi women also wear a lacha

In Punjab, mostly in villages, the Punjabi women also wear a lacha which is actually a long form of blouse, normally covering the entire stomach and back but also is a little below the hips. In Pakistan, now the modern fashion designers have introduced new Lacha designs, particularly for brides in which it is in opened form in front and paired with typical lehnga flapper and thus it looks so cultural and magnificent.

In the rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan Dhoti is very common both in Pakistani men and women.  Image: Razaq Vance

In the rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan Dhoti is very common both in Pakistani men and women. Image: Razaq Vance

In the rural areas of Punjab, Dhoti is very common both in Pakistani men and women. It is actually baggy trousers normally prepared with light weight cotton fabric and tied around the waists. Dhoti is quite similar to Lungi and Sarong but having slight variation in its knots and tying. Along with dhoti, an extra piece of cloth is also used by the cultivators, shepherds and farmers who carry the same on one shoulder to use it as a towel. Nowadays the fashion designers have introduced Dhoti Shalwar Suits having pure traditional look and style and are becoming so popular in the younger generation.

In Pakistan in every region there is strong tradition of Pakistani women to use jewelry along with their outfits. Image: ZaidiK1

In Pakistan in every region there is strong tradition of Pakistani women to use jewelry along with their outfits. Image: ZaidiK1

One should remember that in Pakistan in every region there is strong tradition of Pakistani women to use jewelry along with their outfits. Particularly on the wedding occasions, jewelry is specially prepared for the bride as her life-time asset and adornment by her parents. Gold is very symbolic as the ornaments of gold are also given by the groom’s side as a gift to the bride. A lot of jewelry is handed down from generation to generation. Jewelry in Pakistan is usually made with 22 carat gold as against the 14 or 18 carat used in other parts of the world.

The traditional jewelry in Pakistan is prepared in different styles

The traditional jewelry in Pakistan is prepared in different styles

The traditional jewelry in Pakistan is prepared in different styles as in exquisite Polki pattern having origins from Mughal era, phenomenal Meenakari style having designs like floral crafting and peacock feathers and also in centuries old magnificent Kandan style. Earrings, nose pins, bracelets, necklaces, jhumkay, bangles (Karay) and lots of other stuff are considered as an integral part of the traditional dress of women in Pakistan. You can enjoy the fascination of the Pakistani traditional dress by participating in the wedding ceremonies where men and women both are normally dressed up in their traditional style.

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3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
6-    Traditional Dress Of Albania
7-    Traditional Dress Of Tunisia
8-    Traditional Dress Of Lebanon
9-    Traditional Dress Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
10-  Traditional Dress Of Azerbaijan
11-  Traditional Dress Of Turkmenistan
12-  Traditional Dress Of Kazakhstan
13-  Traditional Dress Of Kyrgyzstan
14-  Traditional Dress Of Uzbekistan
15-  Traditional Dress Of Tajikistan
16-  The Traditional Dress Of Laos
17-  The Traditional Dress Of Vietnam
18-  Traditional Dresses Of The World – 1
19-  Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir
20-  Ottoman Dresses From Turkey
21-  Colors Of Cholistan
22-  Cultural Dresses Of Balochistan
23-  Lehenga Choli Or Ghagra Choli
24-  Sari Or Saree : Traditional Dress Of Women In South Asia
25-  Ajrak , The Traditional Attire From Sindh , Pakistan
26-  The Traditional Tais Of East Timor
27-  Shalwar Kameez: The Popular Dress Of South Asia
28-  Churidar Pajama: The Favorite South Asian Attire
29-  Pakistani Bridal Dress
30-  Rilli, Sindhi Quilt Art
31-  Fantastic, Alluring Khussa Shoes
32-  Customs And Traditions Of Kalash Tribe
33-  Hanfu, The Classical Chinese Dress
34-  London Fashion Week
35-  Fashion Week Milan: The Glamorous Event Of Italy
36-  New York Fashion Week
37-  Paris Fashion Week
38- Traditional Dress Of Jordan
39- Traditional Dress Of Syria
40- Traditional Dress Of Afghanistan
41- Traditional Dress Of Palestine
42- Traditional Dress Of Oman
43-Traditional Dress Of Nigeria
44- Traditional Dress Of Hungary
45-Traditional Dress Of Ukraine
46- Malaysian Traditional Dress
47- Traditional Dress Of Kenya
48- Traditional Eastern Brides
49- Traditional Dress Of Bulgaria
50- Traditional dress of Uganda
51- Traditional Dress of Iceland
52- Traditional Dress of Croatia
53- traditional dress of Norway
54- Traditional dress of Finland
55- Traditional Dress of Philippines
56- Traditional dress of Denmark
57- Traditional dress of Belarus
58- Traditional Dress of Puerto Rico
59- Traditional Dress of Nicaragua: Marvelous and colorful
60 – Traditional Dress of Nepal: Whimsical but charming
61- Brilliant Colors of Dagestan: Really fanciful and imaginative
62- Kabuki: A classical and traditional Japanese theater
63- Boogie-woogie: A famous Swing Dance
64- Colors of Samba Dance from Brazil: So lively so amazing
65- Ho Jamalo: The favorite folk dance of Sindh
66- Odissi from the Eastern India: A historic ritual dance
67- Sattriya from Assam: A classical Indian dance
68- Fandango: A famous couple dance from Spain
69- Maypole from Europe: A fabulous circle folk dance
70- Cueca: The national dance of Chile
71- Traditional dress of Belgium: A charming European attire
72- Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
73- Colors of Kalash: 5 lovely images of beautiful Kalash girls
74- Traditional dress of Georgia: The fantastic Chokha
75- Traditional dress of Argentina: The warrior Gaucho costume
76- Traditional dress of Venezuela: Not complicated but decorated
77- Traditional dress of Latvia: Made with the Linen fabric
78- Traditional dress of Romania: So captivating and graceful
79- Traditional dress of Estonia: So classy and versatile
80- Traditional dress of Armenia: So colorful and diversified
81- Traditional dress of Angola: A symbol of the ethnic culture
82- Traditional dress of Austria: Dirndl, Lederhosen and Tracht
83-Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations
84- Traditional dress of Zambia: Rare but unique in nature
85- Traditional dress of Slovakia: Kroje , decorated and cultural
86. Traditional dress of Qatar: Pure Arabian endowment
87. Traditional dress of Brazil: So bright and colorful in nature
88. Traditional dress of Colombia: So iconic in Latin America
89. Traditional dress of Chile: So artistic and cultural
90. Traditional dress of Mexico: Blend of indigenous and imported cultures
91- Traditional dress of Panama: The exotic Mola and La Pollera
92- Traditional dress of Cuba: A product of multi-cultural effects
93- Traditional dress of Bangladesh: So awesome in its nature and kind
94- Traditional dress of Indonesia: Featured with unique patterns and designs

Traditional dress of Indonesia: Featured with unique patterns and designs

INDONESIA has always attracted the foreigners, adventurers and tourists from the lovely planet for its immense beauty in culture, nature, geography, bio-diversity and people. The indigenous people’s interaction with the people coming from multiple regions from time to time has produced a really rich, magnificent and diverse heritage of the country. Indonesia is a huge populous country having the population around 237.6 million and there are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. 95% of those are of Native Indonesian ancestry. Javanese is the biggest one with 100 million people (42%), followed by Sundanese who amount to nearly 40 million (15%).

Simanindo - Ritual Batak Dance from Indoneisa in traditional dresses -  Image by Drriss & Marrionn

Simanindo – Ritual Batak Dance from Indoneisa in traditional dresses – Image by Drriss & Marrionn

If we say, Indonesia is a land of traditional performing arts, it might not be wrong. There is spectacular music having variation in region to region, folk-dances full of amusement and colors, fascinating drama and theater activities, glorious martial arts and brilliant puppet festivals. In all of such festivities, one factor is very common and prominent and that is the traditional dress of Indonesia. There are tremendous varieties in the traditional outfits and costumes of Indonesia, as every territory has its own and distinctive clothing culture.

Barong & Kris Dancer from Batubulan, Bali, Indonesia - Image by  123_456

Barong & Kris Dancer from Batubulan, Bali, Indonesia – Image by 123_456

Kebaya is the national dress of Indonesia. Kebaya is a combination of different traditional clothing of Indonesia like Batik, Sarong, songket and ikat. The dress was originated from Java and Bali where it was traditionally woven with magnificent patterns.

A modest Islamic style of Kebaya - Image by Risnadianti

A modest Islamic style of Kebaya – Image by Risnadianti

Today the Indonesian women prefer many type of fabrics like silk, cotton, nylon or polyester for Kebaya. Kebaya was named by the Portuguese immigrants who stepped in Indonesia few centuries ago. Kebaya is associated with a type of blouse worn by Indonesian women in 15th or 16th century.

Indonesian women wearing traditional Kebaya outfits - Image by Jamieson Teo

Indonesian women wearing traditional Kebaya outfits – Image by Jamieson Teo

Today, the fashion designers of Indonesia have brought tremendous changes in Kebaya. Usually Kebaya is liked made with lace brocade and prepared with floral patterns either printed or woven into the textile and its length can fall somewhere from above the waist to below the knee. It usually, but not always, has long sleeves. It is usually fastened at the front, and if not, then gives a semblance of doing so. Some variations of the kebaya will use a batik sash, which is coordinated with the kain, draped over the shoulder as an added accessory.

A couple in Tanjak wedding outfits, Indonesia - Image by didiz rushdi

A couple in Tanjak wedding outfits, Indonesia – Image by didiz rushdi

Tanjak which is called by some people as Setanjak, is actually a head wrap cloth usually worn by the Indonesian men. It is a long folded garment with magnificent embroidery and considered as a typical formal clothing accessory. In the wedding ceremonies the grooms wear Tanjak with pride.

Carnaval at Jalan Ir. H. Juanda, Bandung of West Java. Blangkon costumes from Indonesia. Image by Ikhlasul Amal

Carnaval at Jalan Ir. H. Juanda, Bandung of West Java. Blangkon costumes from Indonesia. Image by Ikhlasul Amal

Blangkon is also popular traditional headdress among the Indonesian men which is made of batik fabric. Some people think that Blangkons are believed to derive from turbans worn by Gujarati traders.

Baju Bodo - Traditional outfit from Indonesia - Image  by feryindrawan

Baju Bodo – Traditional outfit from Indonesia – Image by feryindrawan

The tribal women of Sulawesi in Indonesia traditionally wear a rectangular and short-sleeved outfit which is usually popular in bright red and orange colors. This is known as Baju Bodo and is one of the oldest attires of Indonesia.

Joged performers in traditional costumes, Indonesia - Image by tm1sart

Joged performers in traditional costumes, Indonesia – Image by tm1sart

A famous folk dance of Indonesia which is equally popular and known to be a street dance as well is called Joged or Joget. The costumes of the performers carry the Portuguese influences as the dance is having the roots in Portugal. In it’s another form, many performers altogether wearing the typical outfits dance in social festivities.

An Indonesian model wearing the traditional Batik outfit - Photo by dzaia-bs on flickr

An Indonesian model wearing the traditional Batik outfit – Photo by dzaia-bs on flickr

Traditional Batik fabric is very symbolic in the Indonesian clothing culture. It is most significant in Javanese rituals where Batik garments are worn in mythical ceremonies such as the ceremonial casting of royal batik into a volcano. The Javanese people prepare Batik with natural materials like cotton, beeswax and plants from which different vegetable dyes are made. Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the resist with a spouted tool called acanting or by printing the resist with a copper stamp called a tjap.

Traditional Dress of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia - Image by Austronesian Expeditions

Traditional Dress of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia – Image by Austronesian Expeditions

A brocade fabric known as Songket is also trendy in Indonesia which is actually hand-woven in silk or cotton and patterned with gold or silver threads. There are hundreds of songket designs prominent in Indonesia.

A peci, songkok, or kopiah is a cap widely worn in Indonesia - Image by Ikhlasul Amal

A peci, songkok, or kopiah is a cap widely worn in Indonesia – Image by Ikhlasul Amal

Peci, also known as Kopiah is a truncated cone cap which is usually made of black or embroidered felt, cotton or velvet. Muslim males normally wear Peci in wedding ceremonies, joyful festivals and in other formal events. These days, it is declared as the national headdress of Indonesia.

Traditional outfit from Indonesia full of elegance and grace - Image  by AndyLeo@Photography

Traditional outfit from Indonesia full of elegance and grace – Image by AndyLeo@Photography

sarong or sarung is a fabric similar to Dhoti or Dhuti of South Asia which a large tube or length of cloth, often wrapped around the waist and worn by men and women, particularly in the rural areas. Many modern sarongs have printed designs, often depicting animals or plants.

Traditional Ikat outfits from Watublapi Village, Flores, Indonesia - Image  by Austronesian Expeditions

Traditional Ikat outfits from Watublapi Village, Flores, Indonesia – Image by Austronesian Expeditions

Another traditional technique to prepare the textiles in Indonesia is known as Ikat iket, in which resist is formed by binding bundles of threads with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The threads are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered and the thread bundles dyed again with another color to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished the bindings are removed and the threads are woven into cloth.

Tenun from Wae Rebo Village, Indonesia - Image by 2 double F

Tenun from Wae Rebo Village, Indonesia – Image by 2 double F

Hand woven garments prepared with length wise and cross wise threads made with wood-fiber, cotton or silk are known in Indonesia as Tenun clothes and have iconic importance in the Indonesian heritage.

An indigenous Indonesian tribal warrior with cultural tatto and style - Image by Carlos Peñalba Photography

An indigenous Indonesian tribal warrior with cultural tatto and style – Image by Carlos Peñalba Photography

The Dayaks are the indigenous people of Borneo in Indonesia who are well-known for their colorful traditional costume. In its sub-group known as Benuaq, the women are famous for their trademark fabric called Ulap Doyo.  The traditional dresses are made from doyo leaves or tree barks, matched with ketau or tapeh made also from doyo leaves. In special occasions, the tribal warriors present the “Gong Dance” in which they adorn their bodies with different tattoos and amuse by aggressive movements.

An Ubud Dancer from Indoneisa in traditional get-up. Image by maikaku

An Ubud Dancer from Indoneisa in traditional get-up. Image by maikaku

Indonesia as described earlier is a huge multiethnic and multicultural society having hundreds of ethnicities and races. Each one has variations in their customs, traditions and culture. These diversities are exhibited in the traditional dancing events in Indonesia such as Balinese, Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Palembang, Malay, Aceh and many other dances to promote the Indonesian culture and to flourish tourism in the country. The performers of these dances wear pure traditional outfits to fascinate the spectators.

Cultural dance performance by women in traditional Javanese outfits riding a weaved bamboo hobby-horse known as Jaran Kepang  - From Java, Indonesia. Image by chooyutshing

Cultural dance performance by women in traditional Javanese outfits riding a weaved bamboo hobby-horse known as Jaran Kepang – From Java, Indonesia. Image by chooyutshing

Traditional dress of Indonesia which is featured with unique patterns and designs is truly symbolic in the heritage of South East Asia.

Traditional Batik cloth from Indonesia - Image by oh sk on flickr

Traditional Batik cloth from Indonesia – Image by oh sk on flickr

For more interesting posts with the same subject on the Lovely Planet Website, please click the following links;

1-    Algerian Traditional Dress
2-    Traditional Dress Of Serbia
3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
6-    Traditional Dress Of Albania
7-    Traditional Dress Of Tunisia
8-    Traditional Dress Of Lebanon
9-    Traditional Dress Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
10-  Traditional Dress Of Azerbaijan
11-  Traditional Dress Of Turkmenistan
12-  Traditional Dress Of Kazakhstan
13-  Traditional Dress Of Kyrgyzstan
14-  Traditional Dress Of Uzbekistan
15-  Traditional Dress Of Tajikistan
16-  The Traditional Dress Of Laos
17-  The Traditional Dress Of Vietnam
18-  Traditional Dresses Of The World – 1
19-  Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir
20-  Ottoman Dresses From Turkey
21-  Colors Of Cholistan
22-  Cultural Dresses Of Balochistan
23-  Lehenga Choli Or Ghagra Choli
24-  Sari Or Saree : Traditional Dress Of Women In South Asia
25-  Ajrak , The Traditional Attire From Sindh , Pakistan
26-  The Traditional Tais Of East Timor
27-  Shalwar Kameez: The Popular Dress Of South Asia
28-  Churidar Pajama: The Favorite South Asian Attire
29-  Pakistani Bridal Dress
30-  Rilli, Sindhi Quilt Art
31-  Fantastic, Alluring Khussa Shoes
32-  Customs And Traditions Of Kalash Tribe
33-  Hanfu, The Classical Chinese Dress
34-  London Fashion Week
35-  Fashion Week Milan: The Glamorous Event Of Italy
36-  New York Fashion Week
37-  Paris Fashion Week
38- Traditional Dress Of Jordan
39- Traditional Dress Of Syria
40- Traditional Dress Of Afghanistan
41- Traditional Dress Of Palestine
42- Traditional Dress Of Oman
43-Traditional Dress Of Nigeria
44- Traditional Dress Of Hungary
45-Traditional Dress Of Ukraine
46- Malaysian Traditional Dress
47- Traditional Dress Of Kenya
48- Traditional Eastern Brides
49- Traditional Dress Of Bulgaria
50- Traditional dress of Uganda
51- Traditional Dress of Iceland
52- Traditional Dress of Croatia
53- traditional dress of Norway
54- Traditional dress of Finland
55- Traditional Dress of Philippines
56- Traditional dress of Denmark
57- Traditional dress of Belarus
58- Traditional Dress of Puerto Rico
59- Traditional Dress of Nicaragua: Marvelous and colorful
60 – Traditional Dress of Nepal: Whimsical but charming
61- Brilliant Colors of Dagestan: Really fanciful and imaginative
62- Kabuki: A classical and traditional Japanese theater
63- Boogie-woogie: A famous Swing Dance
64- Colors of Samba Dance from Brazil: So lively so amazing
65- Ho Jamalo: The favorite folk dance of Sindh
66- Odissi from the Eastern India: A historic ritual dance
67- Sattriya from Assam: A classical Indian dance
68- Fandango: A famous couple dance from Spain
69- Maypole from Europe: A fabulous circle folk dance
70- Cueca: The national dance of Chile
71- Traditional dress of Belgium: A charming European attire
72- Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
73- Colors of Kalash: 5 lovely images of beautiful Kalash girls
74- Traditional dress of Georgia: The fantastic Chokha
75- Traditional dress of Argentina: The warrior Gaucho costume
76- Traditional dress of Venezuela: Not complicated but decorated
77- Traditional dress of Latvia: Made with the Linen fabric
78- Traditional dress of Romania: So captivating and graceful
79- Traditional dress of Estonia: So classy and versatile
80- Traditional dress of Armenia: So colorful and diversified
81- Traditional dress of Angola: A symbol of the ethnic culture
82- Traditional dress of Austria: Dirndl, Lederhosen and Tracht
83-Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations
84- Traditional dress of Zambia: Rare but unique in nature
85- Traditional dress of Slovakia: Kroje , decorated and cultural
86. Traditional dress of Qatar: Pure Arabian endowment
87. Traditional dress of Brazil: So bright and colorful in nature
88. Traditional dress of Colombia: So iconic in Latin America
89. Traditional dress of Chile: So artistic and cultural
90. Traditional dress of Mexico: Blend of indigenous and imported cultures
91- Traditional dress of Panama: The exotic Mola and La Pollera
92- Traditional dress of Cuba: A product of multi-cultural effects
93- Traditional dress of Bangladesh: So awesome in its nature and kind

Traditional dress of Bangladesh: So awesome in its nature and kind

People’s Republic of Bangladesh is the eighth most populated country of the world with an emerging economy located in South Asia. Most of the territories are being dominated by the low-lying Ganges Delta. Commonly known as Bangladesh, has thousands of years old civilization, when the region was inhabited by the ancient DravidianIndo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman and Austro-Asiatic peoples. This region was also known to the then progressive Greeks and Romans and they called it as Gangaridal (Nation of Ganges). The Bengali people rapidly started to accept Islam in the seventh century when Arab merchants and preachers stepped in the region. Bengal was once considered as the richest region of the Indian subcontinent till the16th century.

People of Bangladesh - Image by IRRI Images

People of Bangladesh – Image by IRRI Images

In the eighteenth century when British East India Company was founded in the Indian Sub-continent, the region also passed through the European cultural influences, particularly of the British. In 1947, when partition of India took place, the eastern part of Bengal having Muslim majority became the part of Pakistan and it was named East Pakistan. In 1971, a resistance movement against Pakistan was started and the country gained independence from Pakistan on 16 December 1971. The purpose of describing all this in a very short prolegomenon is to make you understand that Bangladesh has a rich, diverse and glorious cultural heritage having so many historic influences.

Woman setting up a fish net, Bangladesh. Photo by WorldFish, 2006

Woman setting up a fish net, Bangladesh. Photo by WorldFish, 2006

Bangladesh is a land of rivers and streams along the famous Bay of Bengal and the Bangladeshis speak the official language “Bangla”, known as Bengali.  This language is the identical symbol of Bangladeshi heritage and the main social divide prevailing in the country is between Muslims and Hindus.

A woman feeding chickens in Khulna, Bangladesh. Photo by M. Yousuf Tushar. April 18, 2014

A woman feeding chickens in Khulna, Bangladesh. Photo by M. Yousuf Tushar. April 18, 2014

Most of the people have rural background and the countryside factor dominates the culture of Bangladesh. Rice and fish are the compulsory items of the daily food of Bangladeshis.

The most famous festivals of Bangladesh are Eids, Shab-e-Qadr (the night of power), Eid Milad un-Nabi (birth date of the Prophet Mohammad S.A.W) and Shab-e-Barat (the night of fortune). Image by mariusz kluzniak

The most famous festivals of Bangladesh are Eids, Shab-e-Qadr (the night of power), Eid Milad un-Nabi (birth date of the Prophet Mohammad S.A.W) and Shab-e-Barat (the night of fortune). Image by mariusz kluzniak

The most famous festivals of Bangladesh are Eids, Shab-e-Qadr (the night of power), Eid Milad un-Nabi (birth date of the Prophet Mohammad S.A.W) and Shab-e-Barat (the night of fortune). The Hindu community in Bangladesh also eulogizes their festivals like Durga Puja and Kali Puja (community worshipping of Goddess Durga and Kali). Other minorities also passionately observe their respective religious occasions and festivities.

Traditional dress of Bangladesh is awesome in its nature and kind and - Image by Marufish

Traditional dress of Bangladesh is awesome in its nature and kind and – Image by Marufish

Traditional dress of Bangladesh is awesome in its nature and kind and somehow it is also unique as compare to other neighboring countries. Bangladeshi men are normally seen in traditional Kurta, Fatua and Shalwar Kameez in formal wear. In the rural areas, the Bangladeshi men love to wear traditional Lungi or Dhoti (dhuti) as casual attire. Along the other side, the Bangladeshi women have trend to dress up in the traditional Sharee (Sari or Saree) or Shalwar Kamees.

the Bangladeshi women have trend to dress up in the traditional Sharee (Sari or Saree) - Image by v i p e z

the Bangladeshi women have trend to dress up in the traditional Sharee (Sari or Saree) – Image by v i p e z

Sari or Saree is the most popular dress for the Bangladeshi women. The usual length of Sari is about 4 to 9 meters and it is dressed up with a blouse or pullover which is locally known as Choli. Usually, one side of Saree has beautiful border decorated with embroidery which is draped around the shoulder. The other side is adorned around the blouse or Choli. In the ancient times Sarees were decorated with gold or silver embroideries and in the modern times Sarees are prepared with artificial and automated designs, patterns and silk threads.

Sari or Saree is the most popular dress for the Bangladeshi women. Photo by masud ananda

Sari or Saree is the most popular dress for the Bangladeshi women. Photo by masud ananda

Shalwar Kameez or Shalwar Qameez is a long outfit which normally goes below the knees and is equally popular in Bangladeshi women. Shalwar Kameez is generally considered as an easy and comfortable costume comparing to Sari or Saree. The Shalwar is comparatively easier to carry out so this dress is preferred and is a favorite among the younger generation. On the festive occasions, Bangladeshi women love to wear Shalwar Kameez that are often enriched with beads, threads and zari work.

In the modern times Sarees are prepared with artificial and automated designs, patterns and silk threads. Photo: Aminul Islam Sajib

In the modern times Sarees are prepared with artificial and automated designs, patterns and silk threads. Photo: Aminul Islam Sajib

Wedding in Bangladesh is an event full of rituals and festivities which sometimes may last for several days. Different types of formal dresses are prepared with zeal and enthusiast by the Bangladeshi women for the participation in the marriage ceremonies.

A bride ready for Gaye holud ( yellow turmeric on the body ) A ceremony observed in Bangladesh during marriages - Image by hasiB wahaB

A bride ready for Gaye holud ( yellow turmeric on the body ) A ceremony observed in Bangladesh during marriages – Image by hasiB wahaB

Usually on the first day of wedding “Gaye Haloud” ceremony takes place. Special yellow colored costumes are prepared for this event. On this day, the bride, her family, and the groom’s family all gather together and celebrate the bride. The turmeric paste is applied to the bride’s skin to soften her skin and also to colorize her in the distinctive yellow hue that gives its name to this ceremony. Some families also celebrate mehendi “a henna decoration ceremony” in which typical Mehndi outfits are worn by bride and other women.

Beautiful Smiling Bride wearing traditional Saree - Bangladesh. Image by MD. Hasibul Haque Sakib

Beautiful Smiling Bride wearing traditional Saree – Bangladesh. Image by MD. Hasibul Haque Sakib

On the wedding day, the Bangladeshi bride is dressed up in a bright, colorful and traditionally red costume along with magnificent jewelry. On the other side, the groom also wears a unique but elegant dress along with a turban-style hat. One popular trend right now is the bridal katan, which is a very traditional wedding saree. Katan sarees have a silky base with gold or silver zari work all over the saree. Brides often wear multiple heavy gold necklaces, big earrings, head jewelry, and lots of gold bangles.

Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli is normally prepared with heavy embroideries and spectacular designs.

Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli is normally prepared with heavy embroideries and spectacular designs.

Some Bangladeshi brides prefer to wear Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli on their wedding day which is normally available in different reddish shade. The blouse which is used with Lehenga Choli is normally having a deep “V” cut neck and another connected outfit is known as “Dubatta” which is prepared with netted embellishments. Lehenga Choli or Ghagra Choli is normally prepared with heavy embroideries and spectacular designs. This costume is not only worn by the bride but some female wedding guests are also dressed up in this formal outfit.

Katan sarees have a silky base with gold or silver zari work all over the saree

Katan sarees have a silky base with gold or silver zari work all over the saree

The bride’s family then gifts the groom with the wedding attire, which includes a ‘jore’ (silk shawl), ‘dhoti’ and ‘topor’, a headdress made of pith and zari. The groom must wear these items for the duration of the wedding rituals.

Wonderful floral makeup and jewelry, and pretty eyes - Image by Luis Rodero-Merino

Wonderful floral makeup and jewelry, and pretty eyes – Image by Luis Rodero-Merino

Ful shôjja or Phul Shujja is the celebration of consummation night in which the bed is prepared with lots of flowers. The bride wears a lot of floral ornaments that add the beauty in her appearance in a pure traditional style.

Traditional costumes - Bangali Lungi

Traditional costumes – Bangali Lungi

As the heat and humidity are permanent features of Bangladeshi climate, a light fabric known as “Lungi” is the favorite choice of Bangladeshi men which is normally sewn into a tube shape like a skirt. As mentioned earlier, spectacular tartan cotton, batik, or silk lungis are also often presented as wedding gifts to the groom in a Bangladeshi wedding.

Panjabi dress - Short version of Kurta - Photo by Tasfin Atiq

Panjabi dress – Short version of Kurta – Photo by Tasfin Atiq

The combination of the traditional male lungi and kurta is also called Punjabi or Panjabi. Men also wear the Fanjabi, or ‘Kabuli‘ which is a name that refers to the Salwar Kameez. A shorter version of Kurta is known as Fatua which is also in fashion in Bangladesh, particularly in the youth.

In some regions of Bangladesh, Dhoti or Dhuti is equally popular in men - Dhoti by Wonderlane

In some regions of Bangladesh, Dhoti or Dhuti is equally popular in men – Dhoti by Wonderlane

In some regions of Bangladesh, Dhoti or Dhuti is equally popular in men, which is usually white or cream in colour. This garment is worn at all cultural occasions and traditional ceremonies. Cotton dhotis suit the climatic conditions in the country for daily usage.

Portrait of a traditional Bangladeshi old-man - Photo: Rajiv Ashrafi

Portrait of a traditional Bangladeshi old-man – Photo: Rajiv Ashrafi

In the nutshell, traditional dress of Bangladesh which is indeed so awesome in its nature and kind is a phenomenal part of Bangladeshi culture and heritage. It overall reflexes the assimilated influences of different civilizations, religions and customs.

A traditional fish farmer, Bangladesh. Photo by WorldFish, 2007

A traditional fish farmer, Bangladesh. Photo by WorldFish, 2007

For more interesting posts with the same subject on the Lovely Planet Website, please click the following links;

1-    Algerian Traditional Dress
2-    Traditional Dress Of Serbia
3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
6-    Traditional Dress Of Albania
7-    Traditional Dress Of Tunisia
8-    Traditional Dress Of Lebanon
9-    Traditional Dress Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
10-  Traditional Dress Of Azerbaijan
11-  Traditional Dress Of Turkmenistan
12-  Traditional Dress Of Kazakhstan
13-  Traditional Dress Of Kyrgyzstan
14-  Traditional Dress Of Uzbekistan
15-  Traditional Dress Of Tajikistan
16-  The Traditional Dress Of Laos
17-  The Traditional Dress Of Vietnam
18-  Traditional Dresses Of The World – 1
19-  Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir
20-  Ottoman Dresses From Turkey
21-  Colors Of Cholistan
22-  Cultural Dresses Of Balochistan
23-  Lehenga Choli Or Ghagra Choli
24-  Sari Or Saree : Traditional Dress Of Women In South Asia
25-  Ajrak , The Traditional Attire From Sindh , Pakistan
26-  The Traditional Tais Of East Timor
27-  Shalwar Kameez: The Popular Dress Of South Asia
28-  Churidar Pajama: The Favorite South Asian Attire
29-  Pakistani Bridal Dress
30-  Rilli, Sindhi Quilt Art
31-  Fantastic, Alluring Khussa Shoes
32-  Customs And Traditions Of Kalash Tribe
33-  Hanfu, The Classical Chinese Dress
34-  London Fashion Week
35-  Fashion Week Milan: The Glamorous Event Of Italy
36-  New York Fashion Week
37-  Paris Fashion Week
38- Traditional Dress Of Jordan
39- Traditional Dress Of Syria
40- Traditional Dress Of Afghanistan
41- Traditional Dress Of Palestine
42- Traditional Dress Of Oman
43-Traditional Dress Of Nigeria
44- Traditional Dress Of Hungary
45-Traditional Dress Of Ukraine
46- Malaysian Traditional Dress
47- Traditional Dress Of Kenya
48- Traditional Eastern Brides
49- Traditional Dress Of Bulgaria
50- Traditional dress of Uganda
51- Traditional Dress of Iceland
52- Traditional Dress of Croatia
53- traditional dress of Norway
54- Traditional dress of Finland
55- Traditional Dress of Philippines
56- Traditional dress of Denmark
57- Traditional dress of Belarus
58- Traditional Dress of Puerto Rico
59- Traditional Dress of Nicaragua: Marvelous and colorful
60 – Traditional Dress of Nepal: Whimsical but charming
61- Brilliant Colors of Dagestan: Really fanciful and imaginative
62- Kabuki: A classical and traditional Japanese theater
63- Boogie-woogie: A famous Swing Dance
64- Colors of Samba Dance from Brazil: So lively so amazing
65- Ho Jamalo: The favorite folk dance of Sindh
66- Odissi from the Eastern India: A historic ritual dance
67- Sattriya from Assam: A classical Indian dance
68- Fandango: A famous couple dance from Spain
69- Maypole from Europe: A fabulous circle folk dance
70- Cueca: The national dance of Chile
71- Traditional dress of Belgium: A charming European attire
72- Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
73- Colors of Kalash: 5 lovely images of beautiful Kalash girls
74- Traditional dress of Georgia: The fantastic Chokha
75- Traditional dress of Argentina: The warrior Gaucho costume
76- Traditional dress of Venezuela: Not complicated but decorated
77- Traditional dress of Latvia: Made with the Linen fabric
78- Traditional dress of Romania: So captivating and graceful
79- Traditional dress of Estonia: So classy and versatile
80- Traditional dress of Armenia: So colorful and diversified
81- Traditional dress of Angola: A symbol of the ethnic culture
82- Traditional dress of Austria: Dirndl, Lederhosen and Tracht
83-Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations
84- Traditional dress of Zambia: Rare but unique in nature
85- Traditional dress of Slovakia: Kroje , decorated and cultural
86. Traditional dress of Qatar: Pure Arabian endowment
87. Traditional dress of Brazil: So bright and colorful in nature
88. Traditional dress of Colombia: So iconic in Latin America
89. Traditional dress of Chile: So artistic and cultural
90. Traditional dress of Mexico: Blend of indigenous and imported cultures
91- Traditional dress of Panama: The exotic Mola and La Pollera
92- Traditional dress of Cuba: A product of multi-cultural effects
93- Traditional dress of Portugal: A gift of centuries old civilization