Buk, Janggu and Galgo; The traditional drums from Korea

Buk, Janggu and Galgo; these are the names of the traditional drums from Korea. These musical instruments are ancient and have cultural significance in the Korean heritage. Their usage was long established in the courts and percussion performances. With the passage of time, the musicians brought many variations in their sizes and shapes and so some new types of the traditional drums were also emerged.

A female drummer in Korea - Busy with the traditional Buk - Image by wwian

A female drummer in Korea – Busy with the traditional Buk – Image by wwian

Buk is a shallow barrel-shaped drum, with a round wooden body that is covered on both ends with animal skin. It has been used with two sticks to produce different sounds in the traditional music of Korea for centuries. Some times Buk was also beaten by the drummer on the right side by a stick and on the other side with bare hand. The sticks used to hit the drum are called bukchae. These sticks are normally made with wood and are rounded at the edges. Long pieces of cloth are tied to the player and the drum so that the buk becomes portable and suitable for dance.

They are beating Janggu and Galgo altogether - Traditional Korean Drums - Image by Danielle Harms

They are beating Janggu and Galgo altogether – Traditional Korean Drums – Image by Danielle Harms

The hourglass-shaped Janggu is somehow the modern shape of the ancient yogo (a waist drum) that was introduced by the Indians in this region centuries ago. Its body consists of two heads made with animal skin and is mainly made with poplar and paulownia woods. The drummers normally hit Janggu withtwo kinds of sticks, namely gungchae and yeolchae. The gungchae is shaped like a mallet with a round head. The handle is made from bamboo root, boiled and straightened out and the head is made from hardwood such as birch or antler.These days many folk demosntrations in Korea are performed with the melodious beats of Galgo which is almost similar to Janggu. The drummer uses thinner drum skins and is struck with two bamboo sticks called chae.

The traditional Samgyetang: Hot summer dish of Korea

The liquiform energetic soups are compulsory items in the Korean cuisine and are added to the tables as the appetizers. The traditional Samgyetang is perhaps one of the most popular alloys in the country which is the amalgamation of chicken with Ginseng. The Koreans love to have this favorite soup during summer when they need their body to counter the weather effects and toughness.

Samgyetang, chicken broth with ginseng - Photo by HaraWish

Samgyetang, chicken broth with ginseng – Photo by HaraWish

The Koreans stuff the whole chicken with glutinous rice and boil it in the liquid which is already having the dry but fleshy roots of Ginseng. Ginseng is world renowned enduring and intensified perennial plant which is cultivated in abundance in South Korea. Sometimes other medicinal herbs such as Astragalus propinquus, wolfberry, Codonopsis pilosula and Angelica sinensis are also added to make it stronger and more effective.  The peeled chestnuts and jujubes fruit which are also known as the Korean dates are other important ingredient for this hot summer dish. The general mix of salt, pepper, garlic and green onions may be added according to the need and taste.

Samgyetang is one of the most popular alloys in Korea - Image by Richard Lee - Xin Li 88

Samgyetang is one of the most popular alloys in Korea – Image by Richard Lee – Xin Li 88

As it is mentioned earlier that traditional Samgyetang contains the whole chicken so it also need to be separated. Traditionally this hot summer dish of Korea is served in a large stone pot along with a smaller bowl and also having a ladle. The ladle is meant to scoop small servings into the bowl, or to separate the bones from the soup. Koreans believe that many physical ailments and other infirm disorders may be eliminated by the continuous usage of Samgyetang especially during summer as this powerful food is highly nutrient.

Traditional alphorn of Switzerland: A majestic musical instrument

Alphorn has an ancient history in Europe but its exact origin is not known. This majestic musical instrument was made with the wood of spruce and pine trees that grew on the mountainsides. The herders of Alps used this large mouth piece to alarm or communicate with other far away dwellers especially for signaling each other. Perhaps the main purpose could be intimating for a social gathering, festival or about any danger. The alphorns were sometimes played during milking of cows by the milkmen to harmonize them or to call their cattle back to the farmhouses and to make them settle down in the night.

An Alphorn Band during the National Day Celebrations - Image  by Nicolas Fleury

An Alphorn Band during the National Day Celebrations – Image by Nicolas Fleury

This gigantic mouth piece was although used by the shepherds of mountainous European countries but it is particularly associated with the culture of Switzerland. In Switzerland, the usage of Alphorns was common in the ancient times but with the passage of time it was gradually vanished.  During the romantic period in Europe, the traditional alphorn of Switzerland was again revived and it became symbolic in the Swiss culture and folklore. Today, Alphorn has become a major tourist attraction in Switzerland and there are thousands of Alphorn players who amuse the tourists by this music.

Swiss Alphorns. Image by Ton Zijlstra

Swiss Alphorns. Image by Ton Zijlstra

The traditional Swiss alphorn is engraved from sturdy and young wood of spruce and pine trees. The makers piece the wood together at the base and after this a cup-shaped mouthpiece molded with comparatively harder wood is also added to this and the instrument is complete.

Swiss alphorn players - A splendid view - Photo by Kosala BandaraSwiss alphorn players - A splendid view - Photo by Kosala Bandara

Swiss alphorn players – A splendid view – Photo by Kosala Bandara

The Swiss made alphorns are usually 3.5 meters long. It is not easy to play this majestic musical instrument and a skillful composer is needed to blow its music. The well-known “Ranz des Vaches”  is a traditional Swiss melody often heard on the alphorn.

Traditional dress of Zambia: Rare but unique in nature

Thousands of years ago, the Khosian people started to live in the Southern African landlocked country which is today known to the world as the Republic of Zambia. In the thirteenth century, Zambia was also affected from the colonization and became a fascinating place for the European expeditors. Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. On 24 October 1964, Zambia got independence from the United Kingdom.

Zambian children performing their traditional drama - Traditional costumes - Photo by Lubuto Library Project

Zambian children performing their traditional drama – Traditional costumes – Photo by Lubuto Library Project

Zambia has a huge territory and it has the area about the size of France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland combined. The population is around 15 million and the country is considered as the most urban country of Africa.  The population comprises approximately 72 ethnic groups, most of which are Bantu-speaking. Expatriates, mostly British or South African, as well as some white Zambian citizens, live mainly in Lusaka and in the Copper belt in northern Zambia.

Women of rural Zambia - Image by skuarua

Women of rural Zambia – Image by skuarua

The culture of Zambia is slightly different from the other native African nations as the people of Zambia are comparatively modern and having urban living tendencies. However, the ethnic populations who mainly dwell around Lusaka and the Copper belt have still the values, norms, material and spiritual traditions inherited from their origin.

A Zambian lady in her traditional dress with her kid - Image by IICD

A Zambian lady in her traditional dress with her kid – Image by IICD

Zambians celebrate many annual traditional festivals where they exhibit their customs, social life, rituals, oral history, material and spiritual culture.

Barefoot acrobats of Zambia with traditional masks - Image  by Lubuto Library Project

Barefoot acrobats of Zambia with traditional masks – Image by Lubuto Library Project

It is hard to find the Zambians wearing their traditional costumes in their modern lifestyle. They wear western dresses in their day to day affairs. The reflection of the traditional dress of Zambia is only seen during their participation in the festive events where they celebrate rituals as their ancestors used to do centuries ago. The traditional dress of Zambia is although rare but unique in nature and is a cluster of painted masks, fiber wigs and headdresses, skirts made with fiber and animal skins and ornaments of beads and rattles. By wearing such traditional costumes, the Zambians represent the souls of their ancestors, monsters, clowns, majestic animals and spirits.

Lozi fishermen of Zambia n their traditional costumes - Image by Alexander Brugger

Lozi fishermen of Zambia n their traditional costumes – Image by Alexander Brugger

Zambians also traditionally wear “Chitenge”, which is a dress made with the African cotton and it is also worn in many other African countries. The Lozi people of Zambia have also a unique traditional dress which is actually a flared outfit (both for men and women) and known as “Musisi”. The men wear the flared skirt along with a waistcoat having the traditional African print. A red colored hat is also very common in the Lozi men which are usually made with cotton fabric.

Women of the remote Zambia - Image courtesy by virtualwayfarer

Women of the remote Zambia – Image courtesy by virtualwayfarer

The Lozi women of Zambia wear a large skirt extending from the waist in a conical shape. Whether it is Chitenge or Musisi, their dresses are usually made with colorful patterns. Sometimes, the women dresses may also be rectangular in shapes. The head scarves worn by the Zambian women are normally made with the same smaller pieces of the cloth. Modesty reflects from the traditional way of clothing of women in Zambia as they cover the private parts of their bodies, from their waist down, and even over trousers.

Zambian women dancing in their traditional costumes - Photo  by  rebecca (flickr)

Zambian women dancing in their traditional costumes – Photo by rebecca (flickr)

The traditional dress of Zambia is although rare but unique in its nature. If you walk along the streets of Lusaka and other major cities, you’ll find many vendors selling the traditional chitenges in various colors and designs. Some markets are specifically known for the selling of the typical Chitenge and Musisi dresses in Zambia.

 

 

 

 

A traditional Bemba man performng his traditional show - Photo by Lubuto Library Project

A traditional Bemba man performng his traditional show – Photo by Lubuto Library Project

For more interesting posts with the same subject on the Lovely Planet Website, please click the following links;

1-    Algerian Traditional Dress
2-    Traditional Dress Of Serbia
3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
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83-Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations

 

Traditional dress of Namibia: Far from the modernizations

This country is so beautiful. Hunger, poverty and slavery have never eliminated the elegance of its people and their will to make progress. Majestic landscape, fantastic wild and diversity in nature are the most charming features of its geography. Namibia, also known as the South West Africa was inhabited by the humans almost 2000 years ago and gradually the plains and central plateau were become the homeland of the native Namibians. Namibia was a German colony in the nineteenth century till the World War I and after that it was mandated to South Africa by the then League of the Nations. Namibia gained the ultimate independence from South Africa in 1990 and since then the country is slowly moving towards socio-economic development and political stability.

Hereo Tribe Ladies in the traditional costumes - Photo  by harryandrowenaphotos

Hereo Tribe Ladies in the traditional costumes – Photo by harryandrowenaphotos

The geography of Namibia, officially known as the Republic of Namibia consists of dry lands having the arid territories of the Namib and the Kalahari deserts. Most of the population depends upon farming, herding cattle, mining and tourism. The demographics of Namibia are; the majority of the natives are Bantu people but Khoisan, Nama and San tribes also dwell largely in Namibia. Namibia has also White people communities mainly of Afrikaner German, British and Portuguese who make up about 6.4% of the population. Namibians mostly speak the Afrikaans, imported language from the Republic of South Africa.

A Khosian mother with her kids - Namibia - Image by MyEye85

A Khosian mother with her kids – Namibia – Image by MyEye85

When we talk about the culture of Namibia, we must understand that the heritage of the country is influenced with the ancient characteristics and colonization marks. The real clothing traditions of the Namibians are so unique in the sense that they are still far from the modernizations. Let’s understand the traditional dress of Namibia by knowing about the major ethnic groups of the country.

Tribal people of Namibia in their traditional look - Image by Andries3

Tribal people of Namibia in their traditional look – Image by Andries3

The Kavango people are mainly living on the riversides and depend upon agriculture and farming. A major proportion of their population is also related to fisheries.They are the earliest inhabitants of the country and their women know weaving and also prepare many types of handicrafts. They are also known for their basketry, jewelry, daggers and spear making and creating musical instruments.

A young Kavango girl in Namibia - Image by ana_ge

A young Kavango girl in Namibia – Image by ana_ge

The Damara people are recognized for their indigenous culture and splendid traditions. They mostly live in the hills and valleys of the north western areas of Namibia.

Tribal dancing of Damara people in their traditional dresses - Namibia - Image by Matthew Goulding

Tribal dancing of Damara people in their traditional dresses – Namibia – Image by Matthew Goulding

Tourists love to visit their lands and entertain themselves by interacting with Damara community and their natural way of dressing.

San people of Namibia busy in firemaking process in their traditional wear - Photo by skimlet

San people of Namibia busy in firemaking process in their traditional wear – Photo by skimlet

San people of Namibia are actually Bushmen who are relatively small ethnic group. They depend upon the forest vegetation and but for unknown periods they’ve followed the majority routs of the animals they used to hunt. One of the oldest ethnic populations in Namibia, San community is severely in danger of extinction.

Nama people of Namibia in traditional costumes - Image by daveandlolo

Nama people of Namibia in traditional costumes – Image by daveandlolo

Nama people of Namibia are the ancient dwellers of the communal properties who speak Khosian language. They are almost 5 % of the total population of Namibia and are generally stock farmers. Their traditional costumes are usually made with leather and animal skins and their women have traditional affection with customary African ornaments.

A Hereo Souvenir shopkeeper of Namibia in her traditional Costume - Image by Martijn. Munneke

A Hereo Souvenir shopkeeper of Namibia in her traditional Costume – Image by Martijn. Munneke

Perhaps, the Hereos inhabited the lands between the Kunene and Okavango rivers of Namibia around the seventeenth century. They are more welcoming to the imported cultures and their style of dressing was mainly influenced by the wives of German missionaries and colonialists who first came to the country in the early 1900s. The long dresses are heavy and reflect the style of the Victorian period with numerous petticoats worn to add fullness to their skirts. They are hand-sewn by the women who add their own personal style and flair.

A Namibian Himba tribe girl with her traditional jewelery - Photo by Marc Veraart

A Namibian Himba tribe girl with her traditional jewelery – Photo by Marc Veraart

The Himba people of Namibia pass the most isolated and conservative lives and they are too far from the modern world. Due to their harsh surroundings, the Himba have adopted a nomadic lifestyle in order to herd their cattle and goats from one grazing patch to another in a dry and endless land. Their intricate jewelry, leather clothing and red ochre skin are truly remarkable as are their beliefs and habits. Due to their traditional ways, visits to their villages and camps must be done with care and respect so as not to encroach on their privacy and way of life.

Culture of Namibia. A living style of the native Namibians - Image by Aftab Uzzaman

Culture of Namibia. A living style of the native Namibians – Image by Aftab Uzzaman

Similarly the Owambo, Tsawanas and Caprivians are other note worthy ethnic communities of Namibia who have their own traditional culture and clothing style. Many other communities in Namibia like Colored, Basters, Europeans and White people have continued the clothing traditions according to their original or predecessor cultures.

For more interesting posts with the same subject on the Lovely Planet Website, please click the following links;

1-    Algerian Traditional Dress
2-    Traditional Dress Of Serbia
3-    Traditional Dress Of Kosovo
4-    Traditional Dress Of Libya
5-    Traditional Dress Of Morocco
6-    Traditional Dress Of Albania
7-    Traditional Dress Of Tunisia
8-    Traditional Dress Of Lebanon
9-    Traditional Dress Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
10-  Traditional Dress Of Azerbaijan
11-  Traditional Dress Of Turkmenistan
12-  Traditional Dress Of Kazakhstan
13-  Traditional Dress Of Kyrgyzstan
14-  Traditional Dress Of Uzbekistan
15-  Traditional Dress Of Tajikistan
16-  The Traditional Dress Of Laos
17-  The Traditional Dress Of Vietnam
18-  Traditional Dresses Of The World – 1
19-  Traditional Dress Of Jammu & Kashmir
20-  Ottoman Dresses From Turkey
21-  Colors Of Cholistan
22-  Cultural Dresses Of Balochistan
23-  Lehenga Choli Or Ghagra Choli
24-  Sari Or Saree : Traditional Dress Of Women In South Asia
25-  Ajrak , The Traditional Attire From Sindh , Pakistan
26-  The Traditional Tais Of East Timor
27-  Shalwar Kameez: The Popular Dress Of South Asia
28-  Churidar Pajama: The Favorite South Asian Attire
29-  Pakistani Bridal Dress
30-  Rilli, Sindhi Quilt Art
31-  Fantastic, Alluring Khussa Shoes
32-  Customs And Traditions Of Kalash Tribe
33-  Hanfu, The Classical Chinese Dress
34-  London Fashion Week
35-  Fashion Week Milan: The Glamorous Event Of Italy
36-  New York Fashion Week
37-  Paris Fashion Week
38- Traditional Dress Of Jordan
39- Traditional Dress Of Syria
40- Traditional Dress Of Afghanistan
41- Traditional Dress Of Palestine
42- Traditional Dress Of Oman
43-Traditional Dress Of Nigeria
44- Traditional Dress Of Hungary
45-Traditional Dress Of Ukraine
46- Malaysian Traditional Dress
47- Traditional Dress Of Kenya
48- Traditional Eastern Brides
49- Traditional Dress Of Bulgaria
50- Traditional dress of Uganda
51- Traditional Dress of Iceland
52- Traditional Dress of Croatia
53- traditional dress of Norway
54- Traditional dress of Finland
55- Traditional Dress of Philippines
56- Traditional dress of Denmark
57- Traditional dress of Belarus
58- Traditional Dress of Puerto Rico
59- Traditional Dress of Nicaragua: Marvelous and colorful
60 - Traditional Dress of Nepal: Whimsical but charming
61- Brilliant Colors of Dagestan: Really fanciful and imaginative
62- Kabuki: A classical and traditional Japanese theater
63- Boogie-woogie: A famous Swing Dance
64- Colors of Samba Dance from Brazil: So lively so amazing
65- Ho Jamalo: The favorite folk dance of Sindh
66- Odissi from the Eastern India: A historic ritual dance
67- Sattriya from Assam: A classical Indian dance
68- Fandango: A famous couple dance from Spain
69- Maypole from Europe: A fabulous circle folk dance
70- Cueca: The national dance of Chile
71- Traditional dress of Belgium: A charming European attire
72- Traditional dress of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
73- Colors of Kalash: 5 lovely images of beautiful Kalash girls
74- Traditional dress of Georgia: The fantastic Chokha
75- Traditional dress of Argentina: The warrior Gaucho costume
76- Traditional dress of Venezuela: Not complicated but decorated
77- Traditional dress of Latvia: Made with the Linen fabric
78- Traditional dress of Romania: So captivating and graceful
79- Traditional dress of Estonia: So classy and versatile
80- Traditional dress of Armenia: So colorful and diversified
81- Traditional dress of Angola: A symbol of the ethnic culture
82- Traditional dress of Austria: Dirndl, Lederhosen and Tracht