The horsemen from Ersary, Yomud, Göklen, Saryk, Tekke and Chowdor tribes were the pride of the ancient Turkmenistan. They were known for their bravery and aggression and the clan identity was their most prominent feature. The old rituals and amazing customs gave the full energy to flourish their unique culture. The discovery of many distinguished archeological excavations disclosed the diversity and richness of the Turkmen heritage.
The traditional dress of Turkmenistan also passed through the evolution with the passage of time and faced many variations. The styles and designs of the traditional Turkmen costume had the similarity with the other neighboring Central Asian states. The main clothing included the long and tunic dressing and was only having the distinction of the quality of fabric and decorations.
A Turkmen male has a distinction in the world for his traditional “Telpek” cap, which is a large black sheepskin headdress. The Turkmen men usually wear high, shaggy sheepskin hats over white shirts and it was supported by a three-quarter-length cotton robe or long sheepskin coat. Traditionally they used to keep weapons hanging along their costumes. Although today the situation is different as the Turkmens have adopted the Western style of clothing and they are often seen in suiting with a tie and very clean shoes. But in some parts we can see the mixture of the modern and traditional style dresses worn by men.
Traditionally the Turkmen women’s costume was a long sack dress over tight pants but they used the silver jewelry with semiprecious stones as a compulsory item of their dress. Turkmen women of all classes used rings, earrings and bracelets and even both the boys and the girls start to decorate themselves with silver ornaments at very early age. The women of Turkmenistan have continued the tradition to wear their classical style clothing with slight variations.
The traditional dress of Turkmenistan is observed in full momentum in the wedding ceremonies and other festive occasions. The Turkmen bride is usually dressed up in red dress made from silk homespun fabric – ketene, studded with silver or gilded pendants from the embroidered collar till the edges.
This dress is beautified more with an elegant robe and Tyubeteika is used to embellish the headdress. The headdress was also adorned with a robe-cape and it is embroidered with colorful ornaments.