This is really hard to understand the philosophy of nature. We are sometimes the beneficiaries of Nature and sometimes the victims of its aggression. The history of the human development is filled with the catastrophic acts of Nature. Nature becomes furious sometimes in shape of the harassing oceans, sometimes with the calamitous tsunamis and sometimes by the disastrous earthquakes.
In Europe, Italy is well known for its marvelous archaeological heritage. Pompeii is one of it’s the most renowned historic ruins. This famous site is actually a sepulcher town which was a center of the Roman civilization, culture, art and customs. This ancient city was destroyed by a massive volcanic eruption almost 1700 years ago. It was an unlucky day of 79 A.D when the Mount Vesuvius exploded ash and lava that destroyed the prosperity of the people of Pompeii and their amazing cultivation forever.
It was not possible for the people of Pompeii to get any idea about the eruption of Vesuvius at the time of the disaster. People were busy in their day to day affairs and they were damn sure that the volcano is inactive for more than centuries so it would never explode again. They were totally unaware of the fact that a longer inactivity of a volcano coupled with mounting seismic activity is a pure sign of forthcoming fiasco. Although they had firm belief in the might of their gods and their ability to predict about the future, but they remained blind about the happenings of 24th August of 79 A.D. On this day Mount Vesuvius detonated its massive lava and within no time the whole city was buried under a 20 feet layer of ash and pumice. The whole population and the architecture of Pompeii were covered in up to twelve different layers of tephra, in total 25 meters deep, which rained down for about 6 hours. Rest of the world was totally oblivious about this tragedy until the rediscovery of Pompeii in 1738 by some laborers, who were working in the construction a summer palace for the then King of Naples. However, Pompeii was properly found again as the result of intentional excavations in 1748 by a Spanish team.
However, after this many excavation activities were executed in order to bring out the appropriate facts about Pompeii. The different theories of the historians suggest that Pompeii was inhabited with more than 20,000 people at that time and it was an ideal town where the Romans spent their holidays. Pompeii was located near the modern day Naples in Campania region. The construction style adopted by the people of Pompeii was luxuriant and they possessed a very opulent way of life. The walls, pavements and floors of their villas were embellished with magnificent mosaics.
Pompeii is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the archaeologists from all over the world have made tremendous research on the remains of Pompeii including the Greek-inspired buildings, cobble-stoned streets, brothels, frescoes and numerous artifacts. These all remained under ideal conditions of preservation when they were out of sight. The lack of air and moisture were the main contribution factors that safeguarded these objects from deterioration. However after their rediscovery they are on the verge of rapid decay due to the both natural and man-made forces. Weathering, erosion, light exposure, water damage, poor methods of excavation and reconstruction, introduced plants and animals, tourism, vandalism and theft have all damaged the site in some way. For the last 250 years, Pompeii, the historic ruins of Italy are attracting millions of visitors annually to visit this phenomenal site and it is one of the most popular tourist sites of Italy.