SAARC was established with an aim for improving the mutual harmony and peace in the South Asian region. SAARC ( South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ) consists of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan , Bangladesh, Sri Lanka , Bhutan , Nepal and Maldives. We’ll discuss in this article about the officially declared National birds of the SAARC countries;
1- Chakor or Chukar : The National Bird of Pakistan
Chakor (Alectoris Chukar) is a symbol of passionate but unreciprocated love in Indian sub continent. Chakor or Chukar is a chunky 32-35 cm long bird of amazing color scheme like brown back, grey breast, and sandy color belly. While the face is white and legs are red. Its tail consists of 14 feathers. It is known to be bewitched by the moon and for its constant gaze at moon. Chakor belongs to the pheasant family Phasianidae and is a native bird of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Turkey and Kashmir range. Chakor has been declared as the national bird of Pakistan.
2- Indian Peafowl ( Peacock ) : The National Bird of India
Indian Peafowl or the blue Peafowl is a popular species of the peacock family which is known for its exotic colors and beauty. The Indian Peafowl has so much significance in the Hindu religion as well as the Indian culture. The Indian peafowl or Blue peafowl is scientifically known as Pavo cristatus and it is the endemic bird of South Asia. The male Indian Peafowl is more graceful and elegant than the female and they have a very high vocalization. This bird was declared as the national bird of India in 1963 and in the Hindu mythology, many Hindu deities are associated with the Indian Peafowl.
3- Magpie Robin ( Doel ) : The National Bird of Bangladesh
Doel is a marvelous bird endemic to the South East Asia. Doel is word of Bengali language as it is commonly known as Magpie Robin. Magpie Robin or Doel is declared as the national bird of Bangladesh where it s extremely popular for its singing vocalization and it is widespread throughout the rural areas of Bangladesh. They are distinctive black and white birds with a long tail that is held upright as they forage on the ground or perch conspicuously. The scientific name of the Magpie Robin or Doel is Copsychus saularis and they are kept as favorite cagebird in this part of the world.
4- Raven (Jarog) : The National Bird of Bhutan
Raven is considered a very modest bird in Bhutan which actually represents “Jarog Dongchen“, one of the most powerful deities in the Bhutanese culture. The scientific name of Raven is “Corvus Corax Tibetanus” and it is quite similar to the Crow or Corvus Macrorhynchos that is also common in Bhutan. Raven is much larger than a crow and it is about 28 inches long. Ravens are actually native to high altitudes of Tibet, Sikkim, Ladakh and Bhutan. Both the male and female Ravens are alike and they are in dark bluish black color. The Raven is called “Jarog” in the Bhutanese language and is declared as the national bird of Bhutan.
5. Himalayan Monal ( Danphe ) : The National Bird of Nepal
The Himalayan Monal is a stunning and bright colored bird from the pheasant family which is called as Danphe or Danfe in the local Nepali language. The Himalayan Monal or Danphe become so much showy when they spread their exotic feathers while dancing and they are scientifically known as Lophophorus impejanus. The approximate length of an adult Himalayan Monal is about 70 cm and the weight of males and females range between 1980-2380g and 1800-2150g respectively. Himalayan Monal is also the national bird of Nepal.
6- Sri Lankan Junglefowl : The National Bird of Sri Lanka
Junglefowl is a large and beautiful ground bird which is endemic to India , Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Sri Lankan Junglefowl is one of the four main species of Junglefowl and it is biologically named as Gallus lafayetii. Junglefowls love to reside in the dense shrublands and trees and they are commonly found in the forests of Sri Lanka. The most famous place in Sri Lanka for the population of Junglefowls is Sinharaja. The male Sri Lankan Junglefowl is much larger than the female, with more vivid plumage and a highly exaggerated wattle and comb. Sri Lankan Junglefowl is the national bird of Sri Lanka.