The formation of the geography of Costa Rica is based upon the massive volcanic activities created by the range of volcanoes, especially the Poás Volcano which is an active stratovolcano, located in the central Costa Rica. It has erupted 39 times since 1828. This volcano is situated in the Central Volcanic Conservation Area located of the Alajuela Province near the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, which encompasses the area around the Poas Volcano.
Poás Volcano Crater of Costa Rica : An image by Trevor Huxham
The most stunning part of the whole area, which is also a major tourist attraction in the country is obviously the Poás Volcano Crater of Costa Rica. The visitors come to see the crater at Poás Volcano National Park is in the morning, in the dry season from January to April. There is mist and clouds over the crater but when they part, there is a view of sulfuric, bubbling, green rain fed lake at the bottom, surrounded by smoke and steam rising from fumaroles. Poás Volcano also causes acidic rains in the area and as it is located above the frost line, the temperature is normally freezing cold.
The astounding flora around of Poás Volcano : Image by scumdogsteev
Poas Volcano National Park is also home to many endemic species of flora and fauna. Several unique birds and mammals like rabbits and marmots also dwell in the area. The lower slopes of Poás Volcano are covered with fruit farms and huge ornamental flower farms.
A view of the crater lake – Poas Volcanic Crater – Costa Rica – An image by Richie Diesterheft – flickr
The trekkers who intend to come to Poás Volcano Crater of Costa Ricamust keep in their minds that the sun’s rays are extremely intense as the elevation lies near equator. When the strong wind blows the usage of windbreakers or jackets is must, as at midday it usually becomes too cold around the crater.
This is the second part of the Women of the Lovely Planet series. On one side, a woman is not only the major source of the creation of new generation but she is the symbol of love and affection for the humanity. Check out the fantastic images of the women from the distinct countries of the lovely planet ;
41- An Albanian women with grace – Albania
An Albanian women with grace ( Image: VÃt Hassan )
42- A thinking woman from Algeria
A thinking woman from Algeria
43- A beautiful Andorran girl – Andorra
A beautiful Andorran girl ( Photo: Giovanni Zambello )
44- An indigenous girl of Angola
An indigenous girl of Angola ( Image by Eric Lafforgue )
45- A Mayan lady of Antigua & Barbuda
A Mayan lady of Antigua & Barbuda ( Image by Ricardo Carreon )
46- A woman from Argentine
A woman from Argentine ( Image: Juan Ignacio Rela )
47- A pretty woman of Azerbaiijan
A pretty woman of Azerbaiijan ( Photo: LovelyDaisy2011 )
48- A woman from Bahamas in traditional dress
A woman from Bahamas in traditional dress ( Image: Paddu Rao )
49- A gorgeous woman of Bahrain
A gorgeous woman of Bahrain ( Photo: Mahmood Al-Yousif )
50- A girl of Barbados
A girl of Barbados ( Photo Source : pictureinfocus )
51- A walking woman in Bruges, Belgium
A walking woman in Bruges, Belgium ( Image: Luigi R. Viggiano )
52- A woman from Belize
A woman from Belize ( Photo: The Advocacy Project )
53- A woman of Benin in ceremonial clothing – Benin
A woman of Benin in ceremonial clothing ( Image : Luca Gargano )
54- A Bolivian girl in cultural dress – Bolivia
A Bolivian girl in cultural dress ( Image by Chris Willis )
55- A girl sitting on a rock in Botswana
A girl sitting on a rock in Botswana
56- A typical Brazilian lady – Brazil
A typical Brazilian lady ( Image : Sean Hawkey )
57- A Brunei girl in her traditional dress – Brunei
A Brunei girl in her traditional dress ( Image : sarahjanee-Brunei Tourism )
58- A local woman of Burkina Faso
A local woman of Burkina Faso ( Image: Adam Jones )
59- A local woman from Burundi
A local woman from Burundi ( Image by Amaya Williams, Eric Schambion )
60- A beautiful Cambodian lady – Cambodia
A beautiful Cambodian lady ( Image: Neil from Lindfield )
61- A local girl of Cameroon
A local girl of Cameroon ( Image by Luca Gargano )
62- A lovely Canadian girl – Canada
A lovely Canadian girl ( Image by Eric Zhou )
63- A woman from Cape Verde
A woman from Cape Verde ( Image by Carlos Fonseca )
64- A woman from the Central African Republic
A woman from the Central African Republic ( Image by Luca Gargano )
65- A local woman of Chad
A local woman of Chad ( Image source: World Concern )
66- A beautiful Colombian woman – Colombia
A beautiful Colombian woman ( Image by Lucrecia-Diaz )
67- A local girl of Comoros
A local girl of Comoros ( Image by Sascha Grabow )
68- A woman from Congo
A woman from Congo - Peacekeeping - MONUC Image
69- An exotic girl from Cook Island
An exotic girl from Cook Island ( Image by williewonker )
70- A pretty woman from Costa Rica
A pretty woman from Costa Rica ( Image: Chuck Nemeth )
71- A graceful woman of Côte d’Ivoire
A graceful woman of Côte d'Ivoire (Laurent Rappa's Image)
72- The woman from the Czech Republic in elegant pose
The woman from the Czech Republic in elegant pose (Walter Novak's Image)
73- An African lady from Djibouti
An African lady from Djibouti ( Image Courtesy: Eric Lafforgue )
74- A woman from the Dominican Republic
A woman from the Dominican Republic ( Photo: Vlad PO )
75- A pretty Dutch woman from the Netherlands
A pretty Dutch woman from the Netherlands (daaynos's Image)
76- A book reading girl of East Timor
A book reading girl of East Timor (J.P. Esperança's Image)
77- A typical Ecuador lady
A typical Ecuador lady ( An image by Marjan de B )
78- The Egyptian women are just wonderful – Egypt
The Egyptian women are just wonderful (Charles Fred's Image)
79- An Eritrean woman in veil – Eritrea
An Eritrean woman in veil ( Image by Eric Lafforgue )
80- The gorgeous Estonian woman – Estonia
The gorgeous Estonian woman ( Image by Floyd1080 )
81- An Ethiopian girl from Ethiopia
An Ethiopian girl from Ethiopia ( Image by Alex Saurel )
82- A woman from the Federated States of Micronesia
A woman from the Federated States of Micronesia (dweekly flickriver)
83- A beautiful girl of Fiji
A beautiful girl of Fiji (Pierre Pouliquin;s Image)
Rainforests are the backbone for flourishing the biodiversity and nature in the lovely planet. They cover more than half of the population of flora and fauna on the mother earth. They are the best source for food not only for the humans but also for many species of birds and animals. They have the most significant contribution for the clean and natural environment, because they remove Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere, and release oxygen into the air. The trees which are found in the rainforests remain green throughout the year and they have unique features. Similarly the rainforests host amazing species of mammals, reptiles, insects, birds and invertebrates. In addition to all of this, the rainforests are also the habitat of many indigenous and traditional races of the world. The indigenous people play a vital role in maintaining the purity in the rainforests as they inhabit in these areas for thousands of years. The rainforests are mainly divided into two categories; the tropical rainforests which are found in the warm and wet parts of the lovely planet and the temperate rainforests which are located in the temperate regions of the lovely planet. Tropical rainforests have a wet season and a dry season. Temperate rainforests have a long, wet winter, and a shorter, drier summer.
The lovely rainforests of the lovely planet receive heavy amount of rainfall as compare to other parts of the world. The heavy rainfall makes their environment extraordinary humid and hot which is ideally suitable for the growth of Bacteria and other microorganisms. High rated growth of Bacteria helps to decompose the dead organic matter rapidly existing on the forest floor. This could be a surprising fact that the rainforests hardly cover 6 % of the area of the lovely planet but they are truly the guardian of our environment. According to an estimate, the major portion of the life saving medicine is derived directly from rainforest plants. More than two-thirds of all medicines found to have cancer-fighting properties come from rainforest plants.
Apart from their enormous importance in our lives, the rainforests have the permanent threat of elimination and deforestation. As the population of the world is growing very fast, heavy logging and land clearance for the vegetation has resulted the shrinking of the rainforests up to a dangerous level. Hundreds of thousands of the species of flora and fauna are vanishing every year because the rainforests are cut down. Despite of the fact that many local and international organizations who are working for the improvement of the situation, the problem is continuing. As fast the situation is becoming worse, it has put a large proportion of the indigenous population of plants, birds, animals and humans at high risk. The conservation of the rainforests which are actually ” the lungs of the lovely planet ” is the need of the day. They are becoming dead so we must stop the loggers, miners, multinational trade and land mafia who are destroying them, before it becomes too late. Surely, we don’t give value to the rainforests now but it is a fearsome fact, if we’ll not safeguard them, they’ll be taught as a past natural wonder in the text books of our upcoming generations.
Following are some fantastic images of the lovely rainforests of the lovely planet ;
1- Belize Rainforest
Belize Rainforest ( Image: Island Expeditions )
Half of Belize is covered by dense and tropical rainforest which is under government protection. These tropical forests provide habitats for a wide range of animals including jaguar, puma, ocelot, armadillo, tapir and crocodile. The country is also home to 4,000 species of tropical flowers, including 250 kinds of orchids. It harbors over 500 species of birds that soar through Belize’s vine trailed jungles: fruit-loop keel-billed toucans (Belize’s national bird); jabiru stork, the largest flying bird in the Americas; the rare agami heron; hummingbirds; neon-green-painted parrots; an abundance of macaws, heron and snowy egret that delight sharp-eyed eco-travelers.
2- Monteverade Rainforest of Costa Rica
The hanging bridge at Monteverade Rainforest Costa Rica ( Image: Janey Levy )
The Monteverde Rainforest of Costa Rica which is actually a Cloud Forest is one of the most famous jungle areas in the Latin America. The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve attracts the visitors from all over the world for its beauty, adventure and great amount biodiversity. It is the home of amazing birds and butterflies, mammals, insects, and thousands of species of plants.
3- The Rainforests of Malaysia
The Rainforest of Malaysia ( Image: By j.labrado )
You can meet with the Sumatran Rhinoceros, the Clouded Leopard and Malaysian Tiger, the Sun Bear, the Monitor Lizard, and the Orang Utan, or “man of the forest,” only in the rainforests of Malaysia. These are one of the richest rainforests of the world which are also considered as one of the most ancient on the lovely planet, far older than the equatorial forests of the Amazon or the Congo. Malaysia is not a big country in area but its rainforests cover almost three quarters of the land, an area equivalent to almost the entire United Kingdom.
4- Rainforests of Thailand
The rainforest in Thailand ( Image by Ben )
The rainforests of Thailand cover almost 25% land area of this Southeast Asian country which makes 14,520,000 hectares. 44.4% of the total forest area in Thailand is known as primary forest area which is 12.6% of total land area i.e. 6,451,000 hectares. Rainforests in Thailand have 30 tree species that have been reported as critically endangered, 21 tree species that have been reported as endangered and 37 as vulnerable in the IUCN red list.
5- Rainforests in Panama
Gamboa rainforest in Panama ( Image: Bryn Tassell )
Panama’s rainforests are home to many mammals that migrated from both North and South America. Among these species are jaguars, tapirs, deer, sloths, anteaters, and armadillos. There are also 650 species of birds and 93 amphibian species in the Panama Canal watershed. The Panama Canal rainforests are some of the most accessible nature-rich rainforests in the world. These forests not only harbor a very diverse community of plants and animals, they also help reduce erosion and sedimentation to the canal.
6- The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia
Dorrigo National Park ( A rainforest in Australia ) Image: Chris McLean
The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia formerly known as the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves, are the most extensive area of subtropical rainforest in the world.[The reserve includes 50 separate reserves totaling 3,665 square km, clustered around the New South Wales –Queensland border. Protected areas in this property include Lamington, Springbrook, Mt Barney and Main Range National Parks. An estimated 2 million people a year visit this World Heritage area.
7- Mexican Rainforests
An image of a Mexican rainforest by grebberg
The reserves of the Mexican rainforests are considered as the most northerly tropical and subtropical rainforests of the lovely planet. They have a short dry season, and receive rains throughout the rest of the year. Their location between North and South America make them important for the migration of many species. Tree heights reach 30 m with dominant species such as Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), Mayan Breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum), and Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota). The rainforests of Mexico are home to the most significant big cat population in North America, and the largest jaguar habitat outside of the Amazon.
8- The Congo Rainforest of Africa
The Congo rainforest in Central Africa ( Image hosted on flickr )
The rainforests of Congo are stretching across the Central Africa and its basin is the second largest on Earth; only the Amazon is larger. Around two-thirds of the region’s intact forest is found in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), but it also covers large areas of Gabon, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo. The Congo is one of the world’s most threatened ecosystems. Commercial logging, clearing for subsistence agriculture, and widespread civil strife has devastated forests, displaced forest dwellers, and resulted in the expansion of the “bushmeat” trade. Since the 1980s, Africa has had the highest deforestation rates of any region on the globe. The wealth of biodiversity is also immense. Forest elephants roam the area as do three species of great ape: gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos. Animals and birds such as okapi and the Congo peacock are found nowhere else.
9- The Temperate Rainforest in Alaska
An ariel view of the temperate Alaskan rainforest ( Image: Royce Bair )
Many of us can’t believe that there a rainforest in Alaska, but one of the rarest types of forest on the lovely planet are located along the Alaskan coast. It is actually a coastal temperate rainforest, and it’s home to an amazing variety of wildlife, from whales to wolves, grizzly bears to the salmon they feed on. In fact, the Alaskan rainforest holds some of the richest and most abundant life on Earth. The ancient trees of this forest live from 200 to 700 years, and one species can survive for 1,000 years or more.
The Amazona is the name of the Amazon rainforest which is one of the world’s greatest natural resources. Because its vegetation continuously recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen, it has been described as the “Lungs of our Lovely Planet”. About 20% of earth’s oxygen is produced by the Amazon rainforest. The area covered by the Amazonia includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The region is home to about 2.5 million insect species,tens of thousands of plants, and some 2,000 birds and mammals. To date, at least 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the region. The biodiversity of plant species is the highest on Earth with some experts estimating that one square kilometer (247 acres) may contain more than a thousand types of trees and thousands of species of other higher plants. According to a 2001 study, a quarter square kilometer (62 acres) of Ecuadorian rainforest supports more than 1,100 tree species.
This article is added only to deliver the knowledge and importance about the rainforests. We can’t cover the whole range of the rainforests of the world in one article. Rainforests are found in many other countries of the world and they have their own beauty and grace. But one thing in all of these rainforests whether they are temperate or tropical is common ; that they are threatened by only one creatre ; the human.