One of the most mysterious places of the world are the isolated inhabited islands known as Easter Island. This island is mostly made of volcanic rock and it is located midway between Chile and Tahiti. Although this enigmatic place is filled with puzzles and secrets but the most prominent feature of the Easter island is Moai Statues. Moai Statues of Easter islands are huge stone monolithic human figures carved from rock on the Polynesian island ( Rapa Nui ) of Easter Island between the years 1250 and 1500. But who carved Moai ? This is an unsolved question so far ! The widely-accepted theory about the creators of Moai is that they were erected by the Polynesian colonizers of the island around A.D. 1000-1100. The purpose for the erection of Moais could be to construct monuments for symbolizing the prestige of their regal ancestors. They were erected on a festive and religious place and all of them have large heads as compare to their small bodies. Staring at their clan lands , the Moai were carved by very eminent and skillful carvers.
The estimated number of Moai is 887 from which 394 Moai still remain visible today. This place is known as Rano Raraku which is a volcanic crater formed of consolidated volcanic ash in the Rapa Nui National Park. The important characteristic of all these Easter Island statues are their large and broad noses and strong chins, along with rectangle-shaped ears and deep eye slits.
Majority of the Moais were transferred afterwards to a place known as Ahu which is a rocky platform around the island’s perimeter. Ahu Akivi was a very special modest spot which was established around 1500 AD. But it a complex mystery that how these massive structures were transported to this place because it certainly required a lot of energy and logistic resources. The tallest Moai statue is known as Paro which was 10 mt. long and weighed almost 80 tons. The heaviest of them was comparatively shorter to Paro but weighed 86 tons.
All of the Moais were knocked over in tribal wars about 250 years ago occurred due to a Dutch expedition led by Jacob Roggeveen who accidently came across Easter Islands. The extensive conservation of Moai Statues was initiated by an American archaeologist, William Mulloy which started it in 1955 and continued till 1978. During the excavation and restoration process many pits were uncovered behind the Ahu. These all included the ancient fragments of bone, shells, fishing implements, and obsidian flakes. The Rapa Nui National Park and the Moai Statues of Easter island were declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and World’s cultural and natural heritage by the United Nations.